Acquisition Method of Design Process Knowledge in Conceptual Design
Liu Yang1(),Zhu Fu2,3,Yuefen Wang3,4
1(School of Mechanical Engineering,Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094, China) 2(School of Enterprise Management, Hohai University, Changzhou 213022, China) 3(School of Economics and Management, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094, China) 4(Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center of Social Safety Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094, China)
[Objective] This paper proposes a new knowledge acquisition method for conceptual design process, aiming to improve the modular modeling and representation, as well as effectively manage and reuse dynamic knowledge. [Methods] First, we analyzed the design process knowledge acquisition from the perspective of content. Then, we designed a knowledge acquisition experiment with the help of interviews and the double-layer flow acquisition template. Finally, we obtained the implicit design process knowledge in organization by interviews, which was modularized by the double-layer flow acquisition template. [Results] We used the conceptual design process of a recoil brake part as case to retrieve the initial design process knowledge. The design flow knowledge, which was organized and normalized by acquisition template of the standardized design flow, was dismantled and packaged by acquisition template of the design step. [Limitations] Both the experiment and data analysis were conducted manually, which posed negative effects to the efficiency. [Conclusions] The proposed method could effectively obtain the tacit and dynamic design process knowledge from conceptual design.
羊柳,傅柱,王曰芬. 概念设计中的设计过程知识获取研究*[J]. 数据分析与知识发现, 2018, 2(2): 29-36.
Liu Yang,Zhu Fu,Yuefen Wang. Acquisition Method of Design Process Knowledge in Conceptual Design. Data Analysis and Knowledge Discovery, DOI：10.11925/infotech.2096-3467.2017.0897.
陈兆乾, 潘金贵. 知识获取子系统NCGWT的设计与实现[J]. 计算机研究与发展, 1989, 26(9): 44-48.
(Chen Zhaoqian, Pan Jingui.The Design and Implementation of Knowledge Acquisition Subsystem NCGWT[J]. Journal of Computer Research and Development, 1989, 26(9): 44-48.)
Dilger W.Computer-Aided Acquisition of Design Knowledge [A] //Applications of Artificial Intelligence IX[M]. SPIE, 1991: 584-595.
McNeese M D, Zaff B S. Knowledge as Design: A Methodology for Overcoming Knowledge Acquisition Bottlenecks in Intelligent Interface Design[C]//Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting. SAGE Publications, 1991: 1181-1185.
Deslandres V, Pierreval H.Knowledge Acquisition Issues in the Design of Decision Support Systems in Quality Control[J]. European Journal of Operational Research, 1997, 103(2): 296-311.
钟佩思, 高国安. 智能CAD系统中的知识表示与知识获取策略[J]. 中国机械工程, 1999, 10(3): 69-72.
(Zhong Peisi, Gao Guoan.Strategy of Knowledge Representation and Knowledge Acquisition in Intelligent CAD Systems[J]. China Mechanical Engineering, 1999, 10(3): 69-72. )
刘征, 鲁娜, 孙凌云. 面向概念设计过程的隐性知识获取方法[J]. 机械工程学报, 2011, 47(14):184-191.
(Liu Zheng, Lu Na, Sun Lingyun.Tacit Knowledge Acquisition Method for the Process of Concept Design[J]. Journal of Mechanical Engineering, 2011, 47(14): 184-191.)
钟蜀津, 周湃, 杨秀萍, 等. 基于知识获取思想的立式加工中心外观概念设计[J]. 机械设计, 2016, 33(5): 109-112.
(Zhong Shujin, Zhou Pai, Yang Xiuping, et al.Conceptual Design of Vertical CNC Appearance Based on Knowledge Acquisition Ideology[J]. Journal of Machine Design, 2016, 33(5): 109-112.)
黄进, 严隽琪, 马登哲, 等. 基于实例的工艺知识获取模型[J]. 上海交通大学学报, 1998, 32(5): 88-91.
(Huang Jin, Yan Junqi, Ma Dengzhe, et al.Case-Based Knowledge Acquisition Model for Process Planning[J]. Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University, 1998, 32(5): 88-91.)
刘长安, 杨志宏. 基于实例归纳的工艺设计知识获取[J]. 中国机械工程, 1998, 9(1): 46-48.
(Liu Chang’an, Yang Zhihong.Knowledge Acquisition of Process Design Based on Case Summarization[J]. China Mechanical Engineering, 1998, 9(1): 46-48.)