Please wait a minute...
Advanced Search
现代图书情报技术  2015, Vol. 31 Issue (5): 8-14    DOI: 10.11925/infotech.1003-3513.2015.05.02
  综述评介 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
新型责任者标识系统ORCID的构建机制介绍
白海燕, 刘耀, 郭晓峰
中国科学技术信息研究所 北京 100038
Introduction of Construction Mechanism of New Contributor Identifier System ORCID
Bai Haiyan, Liu Yao, Guo Xiaofeng
Institute of Scientific & Technical Information of China, Beijing 100038, China
全文: PDF(531 KB)   HTML  
输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      
摘要 

[目的]从ORCID构建机制的角度, 为责任者名称标识系统的选择与应用提供依据。[方法]基于文献追踪与实例调研, 从构建模式、声明与验证机制、元数据规范三个层面进行分析, 并与其他责任者名称标识系统进行比较。[结果]得到ORCID的构建机制及特点。[结论]ORCID的构建模式是自下而上的、用户主导的联合构建; ORCID的混合式声明与验证机制, 基于记录的权威度和信任值建模实现消歧; ORCID元数据控制通过链接和解析提高规范程度。

服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
郭晓峰
刘耀
白海燕
关键词 ORCID责任者标识作者名称规范    
Abstract

[Objective] Provide evidence for the choice and application of contributor identifier system from the view of construction mechanism of Open Researcher & Contributor ID (ORCID) system. [Methods] Analyze ORCID system from three aspects, namely construction model, claim/authentication pattern and metadata specification, and compare with other contributor identifier systems based on documents and cases. [Results] Obtain ORCID's construction mechanism and characteristics. [Conclusions] ORCID is bottom-up and jointly constructed driven by users. ORCID mixes different types of claims and authentications and disambiguates based on authority and trust degree. ORCID's metadata control improves degree of authority through identifiers linkage and resolving.

Key wordsORCID    Contributor identifier    Author name specification
收稿日期: 2014-10-08     
:  G250.7  
基金资助:

本文系中央公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项资金项目“数字资源标识与服务标准规范及关键技术研究”(项目编号:ZD2014-6-2)的研究成果之一。

通讯作者: 白海燕,ORCID:0000-0002-9552-3845,E-mail:bhy@istic.ac.cn     E-mail: bhy@istic.ac.cn
作者简介: 作者贡献声明: 白海燕:提出研究思路,设计研究方案,制定论文框架,论文最终版本修订;刘耀:调研多种责任者标识符系统的构建机制;郭晓峰:起草论文。
引用本文:   
白海燕, 刘耀, 郭晓峰. 新型责任者标识系统ORCID的构建机制介绍[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2015, 31(5): 8-14.
Bai Haiyan, Liu Yao, Guo Xiaofeng. Introduction of Construction Mechanism of New Contributor Identifier System ORCID. New Technology of Library and Information Service, DOI:10.11925/infotech.1003-3513.2015.05.02.
链接本文:  
http://manu44.magtech.com.cn/Jwk_infotech_wk3/CN/10.11925/infotech.1003-3513.2015.05.02

[1] Torvik V I, Smalheiser N R. Author Name Disambiguation in MEDLINE [J]. ACM Transactions on Knowledge Discovery from Data, 2009, 3(3): Article No. 11. [2014-08-15]. http://dl. acm.org/citation.cfm?id=1552304.
[2] Nature. Credit Where Credit is Due [J/OL]. Nature, 2009, 462(825). doi:10.1038/462825a. [2014-08-15]. http://www. nature.com/nature/journal/v462/n7275/full/462825a.html.
[3] ORCID [EB/OL]. [2015-03-05]. https://orcid.org/statistics.
[4] 富平, 刘小玲. 中文书目规范控制的理论与实践[M]. 北京: 北京图书馆出版社, 2007. (Fu Ping, Liu Xiaoling. Theory and Practice of Authority Control on Chinese Bibliography [M]. Beijing: Beijing Library Press, 2007.)
[5] 刘炜, 张春景. 试论网络资源的规范控制[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2008(12): 27-31. (Liu Wei, Zhang Chunjing. Authority Control of Web Resources [J]. New Technology of Library and Information Service, 2008(12): 27-31.)
[6] Qiu J. Scientific Publishing: Identity Crisis [J]. Nature, 2008, 451(7180): 766-767.
[7] Aerts R. Digital Identifiers Work for Articles, So Why not for Authors? [J]. Nature, 2008, 453(7198): 979.
[8] Lane J. Let's Make Science Metrics More Scientific [J]. Nature, 2010, 464(7288): 488-489.
[9] Enserink M. Are You Ready to Become a Number [J]. Science, 2009, 323(5922): 1662-1664.
[10] Fenner M. Author Identifier Overview [EB/OL]. [2014-08-15]. http://libreas.eu/ausgabe18/texte/03fenner.htm.
[11] 陈辰, 宋文. 责任者唯一标识符构建及其面临的主要问题[J]. 图书馆论坛, 2013, 33(2): 125-129, 151. (Chen Chen, Song Wen. Construction of Contributor Identifiers and Its Major Problems [J]. Library Tribune, 2013, 33(2): 125-129, 151.)
[12] 陈金星, 祝忠明. 责任者名称规范控制研究及进展[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2009(12): 12-17. (Chen Jinxing, Zhu Zhongming. Research Progress of the Name Authority Control for the Contributor [J]. New Technology of Library and Information Service, 2009(12): 12-17. )
[13] 陈金星, 祝忠明, 刘玉婷, 等. 责任者唯一标识符应用研究[J]. 情报杂志, 2010, 29(12): 134-140. (Chen Jinxing, Zhu Zhongming, Liu Yuting, et al. Study on the Applications of Contributor Identifiers [J]. Journal of Intelligence, 2010, 29(12): 134-140.)
[14] 刘润达, 王运红. 开放研究人员及贡献者唯一标识(ORCID)概述[J]. 情报科学, 2013, 31(11): 86-90. (Liu Runda, Wang Yunhong. An Overview of Open Researcher & Contributor ID [J]. Information Science, 2013, 31(11): 86-90.)
[15] Author-identification [EB/OL]. [2014-12-19]. https://repinf. pbworks.com/Author-identification.
[16] OCLC. VIAF® Virtual International Authority File [EB/OL]. [2014-08-15]. http://oclc.org/en-asiapacific/viaf.html.
[17] International Standard Name Identifier (ISO 27729) [EB/OL]. [2014-08-15]. http://www.isni.org/.
[18] 窦天芳, 张成昱, 张蓓, 等. ResearcherID现状分析及应用启发[J]. 图书情报工作, 2014, 58(4): 40-45. (Dou Tianfang, Zhang Chengyu, Zhang Bei, et al. The Inspiration and the Status Analysis on ResearcherID [J]. Library and Information Service, 2014, 58(4): 40-45.)
[19] ORCID. Ten Things You Need to Know [EB/OL]. [2014-12-19]. http://orcid.org/blog/2014/04/29/tenthingsyouneedtoknow.
[20] 汤森路透通过整合ORCID注册系统, 帮助研究人员与其相关领域的研究建立连接 [EB/OL]. [2014-08-15]. http://www. thomsonscientific.com.cn/press/press20121204/. (Thomson Reuters Helps Researchers Build Linkage with Related Field Based on Integration with ORCID Register System [EB/OL]. [2014-08-15]. http://www.thomsonscientific.com.cn/press/press 20121204.)
[21] Rodgers R. ORCID: Open Researcher and Contributor ID: An Open Registry of Scholarly IDs [EB/OL]. [2014-11-15]. https://conferences.tdl.org/or2011/index.php/OR2011/OR2011main/paper/viewFile/428/156.
[22] JISC Researcher Identifier Task and Finish Group. Researcher Identifier Recommendations [EB/OL]. [2014-12-19]. http:// repository.jisc.ac.uk/4920/1/Clax-for-JISC-rID-validation-report-final.pdf.
[23] De Castro P, Warner S. ORCID Implementation in Open Access Repositories and Institutional Research Information Management Systems [EB/OL]. [2014-12-19]. http://or2013. net/sites/or2013.net/files/ORCID_OR13_proposal.pdf.
[24] ORCID. What is ORCID? [EB/OL]. [2014-08-15]. https:// orcid.org/content/initiative.
[25] ORCID. Integration Chart [EB/OL]. [2014-11-15]. http:// orcid.org/organizations/integrators/integration-chart.
[26] ORCID. The ORCID API [EB/OL]. [2014-12-19]. http://orcid. org/organizations/integrators/API.
[27] Bilder G. CrossRef Contributor ID [EB/OL]. [2014-08-15]. http://www.slideshare.net/CrossRef/crossref-contributor-id.
[28] Thorisson G A. Federated Identity and Scholarly Identity-A Match Made in Heaven? [EB/OL]. [2014-08-15]. https://tnc 2012.terena.org/getfile/1546.
[29] Bilder G. Disambiguation Without De-duplication: Modeling Authority and Trust in the ORCID System [EB/OL]. [2014-08-15]. http://about.orcid.org/sites/default/files/disambigua-tion-deduplication_wp_v4.pdf.
[30] 互动百科. 社交网络[EB/OL]. [2014-12-19]. http://www.baike. com/wiki/社交网络. (Baike.com. Social Network [EB/OL]. [2014-12-19]. http://www.baike.com/wiki/社交网络.)
[31] 科研社交网络与众包平台研究报告[EB/OL]. [2014-08-15]. http://www.coinsay.com/doc/study-on-SNS-and-Crowdsourcing-platform-for-science-coinsay.pdf. (Study on Social Net-working Services and Crowdsourcing Platform for Science [EB/OL]. [2014-08-15]. http://www.coinsay.com/doc/study-on-SNS-and-Crowdsourcing-platform-for-science-coinsay.pdf.)
[32] 周义刚. 学术社交网络:改变我们的科研方式[J]. 中国教育网络, 2014(2): 97-98. (Zhou Yigang. Academic Social Networking Services: Changing Our Research Way [J]. China Education Network, 2014(2): 97-98.)
[33] ORCID. I Registered for My ORCID ID [EB/OL]. [2014-08-15]. http://orcid.org/blog/2013/12/05/i-claimed-my-orcid-id-now-what.
[34] ISNIs for Libraries [EB/OL]. [2014-08-15]. http://www.isni. org.
[35] Recommendation of ORCID Works Metadata Working Group [EB/OL]. [2014-08-15]. http://en.slideshare.net/ORCIDSlides/ orcid-works-metadata-working-group-recommendations.
[36] 何巍. 由著作者身份识别系统引发的思考[J]. 科技导报, 2010, 28(9): 120. (He Wei. Thinking about Author's Identity Recognition System [J]. Science & Technology Review, 2010, 28(9): 120.)

[1] 白海燕. ORCID在机构知识库中的整合介绍[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2015, 31(3): 8-17.
[2] 张建勇, 黄永文, 于倩倩, 董智鹏, 郭舒. 中国ORCID注册平台iAuthor的设计与实现[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2015, 31(3): 84-91.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
版权所有 © 2015 《数据分析与知识发现》编辑部
地址:北京市海淀区中关村北四环西路33号 邮编:100190
电话/传真:(010)82626611-6626,82624938
E-mail:jishu@mail.las.ac.cn