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数据分析与知识发现  2017, Vol. 1 Issue (3): 90-95     https://doi.org/10.11925/infotech.2096-3467.2017.03.11
  研究论文 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
基于VSM的美国一流大学图书馆网站导航文本调查与分析
尹相权(), 李书宁
北京师范大学图书馆 北京 100875
Analyzing Website Navigation Features of Top U.S. Academic Libraries
Yin Xiangquan(), Li Shuning
Beijing Normal University Library, Beijing 100875, China
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摘要 

目的】通过分析美国一流大学图书馆网站导航文本的特点, 为国内大学图书馆导航建设提供建议。【方法】结合一流大学应具有一流学科、一流教师和一流学生的思路选取选取15所美国一流大学图书馆, 基于标签云和文本挖掘模型VSM, 分析导航文本词维度上的共性和特异性, 并结合《2016年美国图书馆状况报告》进行数据验证。【结果】与人工调研相比, 基于VSM模型的统计方法可以更直观、快速地给出基础调研结果, 调研结果可供进一步深度文本分析参考。【局限】仅选取一级导航、二级导航和首页标题板块概况导航文本。【结论】基于文本数据挖掘模型的统计方法可以更直观、快速地给出基础调研结果, 为高校图书馆网站导航建设提供参考。

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尹相权
李书宁
关键词 美国大学图书馆网站导航向量空间模型调查分析    
Abstract

[Objective] This paper studies the navigation features of top academic library websites from the United States, aiming to improve the services of their Chinese counterparts. [Methods] First, we identified library websites of the top 15 U.S. universities and downloaded their navigation texts. Second, we analyzed the similarities and differences among these texts with tag cloud and Vector Space Model. Finally, we examined our findings with the “2016 State of America’s Libraries Report”. [Results] The proposed method was intuitive and generated analysis results fast, which could be further processed with text mining techniques. [Limitations] Only retrieved the first and, second levels of navigation as well as titles of the homepages. [Conclusions] The proposed model provides useful information for the academic libraries in China.

Key wordsU.S. Academic Libraries    Website Navigations    VSM    Investigation and Analysis
收稿日期: 2016-11-22      出版日期: 2017-04-20
ZTFLH:  G250.7  
引用本文:   
尹相权, 李书宁. 基于VSM的美国一流大学图书馆网站导航文本调查与分析[J]. 数据分析与知识发现, 2017, 1(3): 90-95.
Yin Xiangquan,Li Shuning. Analyzing Website Navigation Features of Top U.S. Academic Libraries. Data Analysis and Knowledge Discovery, 2017, 1(3): 90-95.
链接本文:  
http://manu44.magtech.com.cn/Jwk_infotech_wk3/CN/10.11925/infotech.2096-3467.2017.03.11      或      http://manu44.magtech.com.cn/Jwk_infotech_wk3/CN/Y2017/V1/I3/90
  美国15所一流大学图书馆一级导航标签云
  美国15所一流大学图书馆首页板块标题标签云
  与哈佛大学图书馆具有弱相关性的6所大学图书馆及相似度
图书馆 Top10导航文字
斯坦福大学 libraries, access for persons with limited mobility, jobs, collecting areas, events, computing(equipment & services), privileges, search tools, chat, course guides
康奈尔大学 faq for instructors, research data management services, equipment, computing, how to submit course reserves, library spaces, help, search tips: catalog, research guides, search
耶鲁大学 libraries, guide to using special collections, get it @yale (borrow direct, interlibrary loan, scan & deliver), find ejournals by title, search worldcat, policies, elischolar, search, search library catalog (orbis), services for persons with disabilities
哥伦比亚大学 recommend a title for purchase, deposit your research, technology, borrow direct, interlibrary loan, computing, policies, butler library lockers, room reservation, study spaces
加州大学伯克利分校 libraries, hours and maps, reserve a study room, news and events, renew, staff directory, research help, how to find, online exhibits, about us
芝加哥大学 libraries, copyright info, borrowdirect, employment, database finder, chapters, privileges, other local collections, research centers, library surveys
北卡罗莱纳州立大学 libraries, google scholar, interlibrary loan, staff directory, filmfinder, tours, search, give to the library, course reserves, visitor information
西北大学 libraries, resources, contact the library, tools for alumni, events, interlibrary loan, search tools, visit, guides, tools for graduate students
普林斯顿大学 libraries, today’s hours, borrow direct, study spaces and lockers, news and events, recommend a purchase, staff directory, new catalog, about us, research guides
加州理工学院 publish on demand, site map, archives, how do i...?, caltech open access policy faq, software available, about us, ask a librarian, friends of the caltech libraries, copyright support
哈佛大学 libraries, initiatives, archives, contribute your research, events, e-resources, resources for alumni, departments, staff directory, get it services
田纳西大学 ut dissertations, employment, give to the libraries, the library society, staff directory, libraries a-z, renew items, citing sources, music library, research guides
宾夕法尼亚大学 libraries, resources, penn’s libraries, create a video, staff directory, subjects/collections, tools, tutorials for tools, search, digitalpenn
麻省理工学院 scholarly publishing, galleries, tip faq, events, use policy, more search options, your account, about us, citation software, study spaces
加州大学戴维斯分校 libraries, melvyl, request a book/article, subject guides, digital scholarship, engineering, borrowing/circulation, carlson health sciences, about us, exhibits
  15所一流大学图书馆Top10导航文字
[1] 相丽玲, 董小燕, 屈宝强. 从网页设计看高校图书馆的网站建设[J]. 情报学报, 2004, 23(2): 204-208.
doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-0135.2004.02.014
[1] (Xiang Liling, Dong Xiaoyan, Qu Baoqiang.Study of the Website Construction of Colleges and Universities Library from the Web Page Design[J]. Journal of the China Society for Scientific and Technical Information, 2004, 23(2): 204-208.)
doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-0135.2004.02.014
[2] 范爱红, 邵敏, 赵阳. 大学图书馆网站设计理念的探析与实践——清华大学图书馆网站改版案例研究[J]. 大学图书馆学报, 2006, 24(3): 38-42.
doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1002-1027.2006.03.008
[2] (Fan Aihong, Shao Min, Zhao Yang.Discussion and Practice on the Principles of University Library Website Design——A Case Study of the Tsinghua University Library Website Redesign[J]. Journal of Academic Libraries, 2006, 24(3): 38-42.)
doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1002-1027.2006.03.008
[3] 范爱红, 姚飞, 姜爱蓉. 清华大学图书馆新版网站的设计特色与读者调查分析[J]. 大学图书馆学报, 2011, 29(5): 66-69.
doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1002-1027.2011.05.011
[3] (Fan Aihong, Yao Fei, Jiang Airong.The Features of the New Website of Tsinghua University Library and the Website Survey Analyses[J]. Journal of Academic Libraries, 2011, 29(5): 66-69. )
doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1002-1027.2011.05.011
[4] 叶鹰. 美国一流大学及其图书馆调研报告[J]. 大学图书馆学报, 2002, 20(3): 5-8.
doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1002-1027.2002.03.002
[4] (Ye Ying.A Survey on the Top Universities and Their Libraries in the United States[J]. Journal of Academic Libraries, 2002, 20(3): 5-8. )
doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1002-1027.2002.03.002
[5] 谢丽娟, 郑春厚. 美国高校图书馆社会服务发展现状及启示[J]. 中国图书馆学报, 2009, 35(2): 93-97.
[5] (Xie Lijuan, Zheng Chunhou.Social Services of Academic Libraries in USA: Reality and Inspirations[J]. Journal of Library Science in China, 2009, 35(2): 93-97.)
[6] Semantic Studios. User Experience Design [EB/OL]. [2016- 10-15]. .
[7] Vector Space Model [EB/OL]. [2016-10-15]..
[8] American Library Association. The State of American’s Libraries [R/OL]. [2016-10-16]. .
[9] TAGUL [CP/OL]. [2016-10-15]..
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