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数据分析与知识发现  2020, Vol. 4 Issue (9): 41-55     https://doi.org/10.11925/infotech.2096-3467.2020.0145
  研究论文 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
区域公共安全数据治理与业务领域本体研究*
曾桢1,2,3(),李纲4,毛进3,4,陈璟浩3,5
1贵州财经大学贵州省大数据统计分析重点实验室 贵阳 550000
2贵州财经大学信息学院 贵阳 550000
3武汉大学大数据研究院 武汉 430072
4武汉大学信息资源研究中心 武汉 430072
5广西大学公共管理学院 南宁 530004
Data Governance and Domain Ontology of Regional Public Security
Zeng Zhen1,2,3(),Li Gang4,Mao Jin3,4,Chen Jinghao3,5
1Guizhou Key Laboratory of Big Data Statistical Analysis, Guizhou University of Finance and Economics, Guiyang 550000, China
2School of Information, Guizhou University of Finance and Economics, Guiyang 550000, China
3Big Data Institute, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
4Center for Studies of Information Resources, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
5School of Public Policy and Management, Guangxi University, Nanning 530004, China
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摘要 

目的】 构建区域公共安全数据治理与业务本体模型,提升区域公共安全数据治理与业务应用结合水平。【方法】 基于关联数据思想,复用DACT、ODRL2.2公开本体,将公共安全数据视为数据资产进行描述治理,并扩展EventKG本体描述公共安全业务逻辑,通过PROV本体描述数据资产到业务模型双向溯源关系,并基于概念(SKOS)、组织(ORG)本体构建数据治理与业务关联,最终完成反映数据治理到业务全过程本体构建。【结果】 所构建本体基于6个公开与通用本体,具有较好的扩展性与可复用性,关系丰富度为0.773,大于0.500,表明本体具有较丰富类间关系,有助于描述公共安全数据治理与业务复杂关系,最后基于所构建本体在一个地级市构建知识图谱应用。【局限】 需要进一步扩展到网络公共安全数据。【结论】 所得到的模型与应用服务为我国区域公共安全领域数据治理、信息服务提供新视角与实践参考。

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曾桢
李纲
毛进
陈璟浩
关键词 区域公共安全数据治理公共安全业务本体    
Abstract

[Objective] This paper tries to construct a data governance model and domain ontology for regional public security, aiming to improve the applications of data governance.[Methods] We constructed our model based on the theory of linked data, and used public ontology (e.g., DACT and ODRL2.2) to manage public security data assets. Then, we extended the EventKG ontology for the process logic of public security. Third, we modified the PROV ontology for the source relationship among data assets and models. Fourth, we identified the relationship between data governance and process based on concepts and organizations. Finally, we constructed the ontology for the whole process of data governance.[Results] Our domain ontology was built with six scalable and reusable public ontologies. The model’s relationship richness reached 0.773 which indicated good inter-class ties. The proposed model described the complex relations and process of data governance for public security. Based on the ontology, we created knowledge graph and applications for one prefecture-level city.[Limitations] More reseach is needed to expand our new model to cyber public security.[Conclusions] The proposed model could improve the data governance in public security research and practice.

Key wordsRegional Public Security    Data Governance    Public Security Process    Ontology
收稿日期: 2020-02-27      出版日期: 2020-10-14
ZTFLH:  TP393  
基金资助:*本文系国家自然科学基金项目“国家安全大数据综合信息集成与分析方法”(71790612);国家自然科学基金项目“基于知识图谱的农产品价值链信息融合研究”(71964007);贵州省大数据统计分析重点实验室开放课题基金的研究成果之一(BDSA20190108)
通讯作者: 曾桢     E-mail: tomisacat@live.cn
引用本文:   
曾桢,李纲,毛进,陈璟浩. 区域公共安全数据治理与业务领域本体研究*[J]. 数据分析与知识发现, 2020, 4(9): 41-55.
Zeng Zhen,Li Gang,Mao Jin,Chen Jinghao. Data Governance and Domain Ontology of Regional Public Security. Data Analysis and Knowledge Discovery, 2020, 4(9): 41-55.
链接本文:  
http://manu44.magtech.com.cn/Jwk_infotech_wk3/CN/10.11925/infotech.2096-3467.2020.0145      或      http://manu44.magtech.com.cn/Jwk_infotech_wk3/CN/Y2020/V4/I9/41
Fig.1  利益相关者与需求分析
Fig.2  领域本体组成与目标
Fig.3  公共安全数据治理本体模型(空心箭头代表子类rdfs:subClassOf属性)
Fig.4  公共安全数据治理本体实例
Fig.5  公共安全业务本体模型(空心箭头代表子类rdfs:subClassOf属性)
Fig.6  基于数据治理数据资源生成业务本体中类与属性实例
Fig.7  公共安全业务本体实例
Fig.8  公共安全数据治理本体与业务本体概念与组织关联
Fig.9  基于区域公共安全数据治理及业务本体模型的知识图谱及应用服务框架
Fig.10  区域公共安全数据治理可视化应用服务
Fig.11  区域公共安全业务分析可视化应用服务
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