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现代图书情报技术  2014, Vol. 30 Issue (10): 42-48    DOI: 10.11925/infotech.1003-3513.2014.10.07
  知识组织与知识管理 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
TimeML应用于汉语文本时间关系标注的可行性分析
李路标, 张均胜, 张寅生, 王惠临
中国科学技术信息研究所 北京 100038
On the Feasibility of Applying TimeML to the Annotation of Temporal Relations in Chinese Text
Li Lubiao, Zhang Junsheng, Zhang Yinsheng, Wang Huilin
Institute of Scientific & Technical Information of China, Beijing 100038, China
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摘要 

[目的] 对TimeML应用于汉语文本时间关系标注的可行性进行研究并验证。[方法] 基于TimeML标准及其主要标签, 针对汉语时间表达的特点, 探讨主要标签在汉语中的适用性。[结果] 虽然汉语语言和英语语言在语法结构和句法结构上存在差异, 但是TimeML标准在汉语上的应用是可行的。[局限] 英汉语言结构的不同导致在TimeML五个主要标签中涉及语法结构的属性在英汉对译文本之间不能完全平行实现。[结论] TimeML作为英文时间关系标记语言, 可以有效地应用于汉语文本时间关系的标注。本研究为汉语文本中事件时序推理及深层次的汉语文本时间关系解析研究奠定了基础。

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李路标
张均胜
王惠临
张寅生
关键词 TimeML汉语事件时间表达式时间关系解析    
Abstract

[Objective] This paper carries on the research and experiment on the feasibility of applying TimeML to the annotation of temporal relations in Chinese text. [Methods] According to the characteristics of Chinese temporal expressions, this paper discusses the applicability of the main labels of TimeML in Chinese text based on TimeML and its main labels. [Results] Although there are some differences between Chinese and English in the grammatical structure and syntactic structure, the application of TimeML to the Chinese language is feasible. [Limitations] The main labels of TimeML can't be completely parallel implemented to the English-Chinese text on the grammar structure because of the differences of language structure between Chinese and English. [Conclusions] TimeML, a markup language of temporal relations in English text, can be effectively applied to the annotation of temporal relations in Chinese text. The study lays the foundation for the temporal ordering inference of events and further TRR research in Chinese text.

Key wordsTimeML    Chinese    Event    Temporal expression    TRR
收稿日期: 2014-04-18     
:  G355  
基金资助:

本文系国家国际科技合作专项基金项目"面向科技文献的日汉双向实用型机器翻译合作研究"(项目编号:2014DFA11350)和中国科学技术信息研究所学科建设项目"自然语言处理"(项目编号:XK2014-6)的研究成果之一。

通讯作者: 李路标 E-mail: lilubiao2008@163.com     E-mail: lilubiao2008@163.com
作者简介: 作者贡献声明: 李路标: 设计研究方案, 起草论文及最终版修订; 张均胜: 对实验方法提出改进; 张寅生: 研究命题提出, 并确定研究对象范围; 王惠临: 研究方案可行性调查分析。
引用本文:   
李路标, 张均胜, 张寅生, 王惠临. TimeML应用于汉语文本时间关系标注的可行性分析[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2014, 30(10): 42-48.
Li Lubiao, Zhang Junsheng, Zhang Yinsheng, Wang Huilin. On the Feasibility of Applying TimeML to the Annotation of Temporal Relations in Chinese Text. New Technology of Library and Information Service, DOI:10.11925/infotech.1003-3513.2014.10.07.
链接本文:  
http://manu44.magtech.com.cn/Jwk_infotech_wk3/CN/10.11925/infotech.1003-3513.2014.10.07

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