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Data Analysis and Knowledge Discovery  2017, Vol. 1 Issue (5): 23-31    DOI: 10.11925/infotech.2096-3467.2017.05.04
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Navigation Awareness of Pedestrian Using Think-Aloud Method
Wu Dan(), Lu Liuxing
School of Information Management, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
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Abstract  

[Objective] This paper studies the pedestrian’s changing awareness, aiming to use the think-aloud method to analyze the navigational information behaviors. It also provides suggestions to mobile map development from the users’ perspectives. [Methods] We designed three pedestrian navigation experiments in the real outdoor environment, and required the participants use the map APP while thinking loud out. [Results] We found that users paid more attention to the search features than to the external information of the pedestrian navigation system. People paid attention to the display of search results, and their main awareness changed from ambient temperature to location, and finally to destination situation. [Limitations] We classified the data with three time slots manually, which might generate some errors. [Conclusions] Think-Aloud method can be applied to investigate user-APP interactions in the real outdoor environment, which help us optimize the map APP to improve user experience.

Key wordsThink-Aloud      Pedestrian Navigation      Awareness     
Received: 07 February 2017      Published: 06 June 2017
ZTFLH:  G250  

Cite this article:

Wu Dan,Lu Liuxing. Navigation Awareness of Pedestrian Using Think-Aloud Method. Data Analysis and Knowledge Discovery, 2017, 1(5): 23-31.

URL:

http://manu44.magtech.com.cn/Jwk_infotech_wk3/EN/10.11925/infotech.2096-3467.2017.05.04     OR     http://manu44.magtech.com.cn/Jwk_infotech_wk3/EN/Y2017/V1/I5/23

一级
编码
原始资料语句举例
室内
温度
N01: (室内)凉快了。N02: 好凉快啊, 我都不舍得走了。
花费的
时间
N06: 已经走了快一半, 才过6分钟。N09: 时间已经花了12分钟。
天气 N01: 今天这么大的太阳, 风还这么大, 我觉得快撑不住了。N12: 雨下得有点大。N18: 下起了小雨, 天气也有点炎热。
当前
位置
N13: 现在我的位置在福客茂。N26: (我)现在是在国美电器和新世界百货中间的那条路, 所以我先往前走。
目的
地方位
N01: (目的地在)金银岛花园和银夏公寓之间, 那我刚才走过了。N30: 目的地在徐东大街V9国际酒店一楼。
距离
显示
N01: 显示只有70米, 70米这个距离我应该能看到招牌啊。N12: 它显示距离我836米, 我就点击到这去。
堵车
情况
N05: 今天堵车特别严重, 这一条道上都是堵的。N25: 停车了, 堵了。
时间
显示
N05: 地图上显示走路过去要24分钟。N09: 地图上路程显示的是13分钟到。N10: 地图上显示我到那里需要16分钟。
道路
施工
N04: 这边周围都在施工, 不是很好走的样子, 所以走得有点慢。N06: 这地方怎么到处都在施工啊, 挡住了我的视线。
周边
环境
N09: 我先看一下街景是什么样子, 上面是一个棋牌, 对面是中国农业银行。N16: 我选择看全景, 看它附近的店和周围情况。
圆点
移动
N11: 我发现地图上自己所在的这个点, 是我走错了还是它定位错了?N23: 我要看地图上的这个点, 它走得有点慢。
定位
准确性
N08: 这定位怎么定到房子上去了。N09: 它给我的定位非常不准, 我已经在新世界百货里面, 它给我定位在非常远的地方。
标志物
显示
N02: 福星慧誉国际影城, 看到地图上也有显示。N09: 我看到这里有一个中商徐东平价广场还挺大的, 但是地图上没有标示。
系统
提示
N02: 啊, 往中国银行方向, 我觉得这个导航还是挺好的, 它有语音提示。N09: 地图提示我已偏离路线, 其实我并没偏离。
三级编码 二级
编码
一级编码 内涵 频次



环境
状况
室内温度 在室内所感受到的温度, 表现
为体感
3
天气 在室外关注到的气温、风、雨
等空间状态
25
位置 当前位置 现在所在的位置 25
时间 花费的时间 实验已经耗费的时间 7
路况 堵车情况 道路堵车的情况 2
道路施工 道路施工的情况 13
目的地情况 目的地方位 目的地的具体地点、方向 21
周边环境 目的地周边的街景或全景 3



搜索结果显示 时间显示 地图上显示的到达目的地所
需的时间
9
距离显示 地图上显示的当前位置与目
的地的距离
8
标志物显示 地图上较为明显的建筑或店
铺名称
123
系统提示服务 系统提示 地图系统的语音或文字提示 28
系统
定位
圆点移动 地图上代表用户位置的圆点
的移动情况
11
定位准确性 地图系统定位用户当前位置
的准确性
23
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