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Data Analysis and Knowledge Discovery  2017, Vol. 1 Issue (7): 22-34    DOI: 10.11925/infotech.2096-3467.2017.07.04
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Evolution Path and Hot Topics of Citizen Science Studies
Zhang Xuanhui, Zhao Yuxiang()
School of Economics and Management, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094, China
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Abstract  

[Objective] This paper investigates the origin and status quo of citizen science related studies abroad, aiming to promote the development of similar research in China. [Coverage] We retrieved 1 796 papers from the Web of Science (WOS) core collection, using the keywords “citizen science” or “crowd science”. [Methods] We employed the methods of bibliometrics, social network and content analysis, as well as visualization tools, to illustrate the evolution path of citizen science and the popular research topics. This paper also analyzed the citizen science research in Library and Information Science. [Results] We found that the crowd wisdom and open science paradigm were highly emphasized thanks to the development of the Internet and mobile technologies. Citizen science had been growing rapidly and included the following perspectives, project, theoretical and participant studies. Although the main focus of citizen science research was on natural science, the Library and Information Science had promising outcomes. [Limitations] We did not include conference papers and full text analysis in this study. [Conclusions] Library and Information Science could play an important role in the future study of citizen science.

Key wordsCitizen Science      Bibliometrics      Evolution Path      Hot Topics      Library and Information Science     
Received: 01 June 2017      Published: 13 September 2017
ZTFLH:  G250  

Cite this article:

Zhang Xuanhui,Zhao Yuxiang. Evolution Path and Hot Topics of Citizen Science Studies. Data Analysis and Knowledge Discovery, 2017, 1(7): 22-34.

URL:

http://manu44.magtech.com.cn/Jwk_infotech_wk3/EN/10.11925/infotech.2096-3467.2017.07.04     OR     http://manu44.magtech.com.cn/Jwk_infotech_wk3/EN/Y2017/V1/I7/22

排名 萌芽期(1996-2009) 频次 成长期(2010-2013) 频次 发展期(2014-2016) 频次
1 Environmental Sciences &
Ecology
150 Environmental Sciences &
Ecology
188 Environmental Sciences &
Ecology
390
2 Zoology 53 Biodiversity & Conservation 67 Biodiversity & Conservation 167
3 Biodiversity & Conservation 40 Computer Science 55 Science & Technology 123
4 Engineering 13 Astronomy & Astrophysics 47 Computer Science 104
5 Physical Geography 11 Zoology 47 Zoology 82
6 Life Sciences & Biomedicine 10 Engineering 44 Engineering 64
7 Marine & Freshwater Biology 9 Science & Technology 36 Physical Geography 53
8 Water Resources 8 Education & Educational
Research
27 Marine & Freshwater Biology 50
9 Public, Environmental &
Occupational Health
8 Marine & Freshwater Biology 22 Astronomy & Astrophysics 43
10 Mathematics 7 Life Sciences & Biomedicine 19 Remote Sensing 41
排名 萌芽期(1996-2009) 频次 成长期(2010-2013) 频次 发展期(2014-2016) 频次
1 citizen science 33 citizen science 148 citizen science 386
2 north American breeding bird
survey
23 monitoring 21 crowdsourcing 54
3 breeding bird survey 16 climate change 17 biodiversity 34
4 monitoring 13 north American breeding bird
survey
14 climate change 33
5 volunteer monitoring 12 invasive species 13 conservation 28
6 community-based monitoring 11 crowdsourcing 13 monitoring 27
7 biodiversity 9 data quality 13 phenology 21
8 birds 8 conservation 12 invasive species 18
9 conservation 8 biodiversity 12 distribution 18
10 species richness 7 community-based monitoring 10 ebird 17
11 surveys 6 birds 10 species distribution models 17
12 population trends 6 guideline 9 community-based monitoring 16
13 common birds census 5 education 8 public participation in scientific
research
13
14 trends 5 phenology 7 volunteered geographic information 13
15 locally-based monitoring 5 lepidoptera 7 north American breeding bird survey 13
16 invasive species 4 distribution 7 remote sensing 13
17 landscape 4 surveys 6 big data 13
18 abundance 4 volunteers 6 participation 12
19 sustainability 4 meta-analysis 6 migration 12
20 participatory monitoring 4 participatory sensing 6 data quality 12
排名 萌芽期(1996-2009) 发文量 成长期(2010-2013) 发文量 发展期(2014-2016) 发文量
1 British Trust Ornithol 18 Cornell Univ 35 Cornell Univ 50
2 US Geol Survey 16 Yale Univ 25 US Geol Survey 46
3 Cornell Univ 13 Univ Wisconsin 25 Univ Oxford 41
4 US Fish & Wildlife Serv 13 Univ Washington 18 Univ Washington 31
5 Univ Minnesota 9 Univ Oxford 17 Univ Wisconsin 29
6 US Forest Serv 7 Adler Planetarium 17 Univ Queensland 28
7 N Carolina State Univ 7 Univ Calif Davis 15 Univ Arizona 26
8 USGS 7 US Geol Survey 15 Univ Oklahoma 26
9 Michigan State Univ 7 Univ Maine 13 Univ Minnesota 24
10 Univ Arizona 6 Cornell Lab Ornithol 13 Univ Calif Los Angeles 23
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