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Data Analysis and Knowledge Discovery  2017, Vol. 1 Issue (11): 84-93    DOI: 10.11925/infotech.2096-3467.2017.0782
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Studying Dietary Preferences of Chinese Residents
Yue Zijing, Zhang Chengzhi(), Zhou Qingqing
School of Economics and Management, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094, China
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Abstract  

[Objective] This study investigates the dietary preferences of Chinese users from different regions to reveal the differences of dietary culture among them, and then provides suggestion to the catering industry. [Context] It took researchers long period of time to collect small amount of data of dietary preferences. With the development of social media, we could retrieve large-scale dietary information more effectively. [Methods] We collected user-generated content (UGC) from Dianping.com to explore their dietary preferences. [Results] Users’ dietary preferences were very different in the developed regions. Meanwhile, there was significant negative correlation between geographic distances and the similarities of users’ dietary preferences. Finally, users paid more attention to the taste, service and environment of the restaurants. [Conclusions] Research based on the user-generated content can reflect their dietary preferences and reveal the differences of dietary cultures.

Key wordsSocial Computing      Preference Mining      User Generated Content      Dietary Preferences      Dietary Aspects     
Received: 05 August 2017      Published: 27 November 2017
ZTFLH:  G203  

Cite this article:

Yue Zijing,Zhang Chengzhi,Zhou Qingqing. Studying Dietary Preferences of Chinese Residents. Data Analysis and Knowledge Discovery, 2017, 1(11): 84-93.

URL:

http://manu44.magtech.com.cn/Jwk_infotech_wk3/EN/10.11925/infotech.2096-3467.2017.0782     OR     http://manu44.magtech.com.cn/Jwk_infotech_wk3/EN/Y2017/V1/I11/84

商户ID 用户ID 用户注册地 评论时间 评论内容
50**2 2**2 上海 2003/7/10 牛肉拉面还是蛮好吃的, 现在又增加了凉粉也不错。
57**7 2**8 山东 2005/12/20 过桥米线比较正宗的一家店。店面不大, 服务差点。
18**0 5**0 上海 2014/9/21 大众消费, 拉条子挺好, 烤肉正宗, 吃羊肉串这儿放心。
序号 地区 菜肴偏好分布熵 序号 地区 菜肴偏好分布熵
1 香港 8.540 18 重庆 7.939
2 上海 8.413 19 河南 7.916
3 广东 8.388 20 安徽 7.887
4 北京 8.259 21 陕西 7.790
5 福建 8.221 22 贵州 7.761
6 浙江 8.176 23 广西 7.743
7 澳门 8.110 24 辽宁 7.668
8 四川 8.110 25 河北 7.635
9 江苏 8.080 26 山西 7.563
10 江西 8.075 27 黑龙江 7.495
11 海南 8.062 28 内蒙古 7.454
12 山东 8.052 29 甘肃 7.388
13 云南 8.049 30 吉林 7.342
14 天津 8.048 31 新疆 7.143
15 湖北 8.032 32 宁夏 7.048
16 湖南 7.995 33 西藏 6.940
17 台湾 7.967 34 青海 6.689
序号 地区名 地区名 饮食偏好
相似度
序号 地区名 地区名 饮食偏好
相似度
1 江苏 上海 0.579 6 广东 澳门 0.500
2 江苏 浙江 0.569 7 北京 河北 0.493
3 浙江 上海 0.518 8 江苏 安徽 0.482
4 香港 上海 0.515 9 四川 重庆 0.477
5 贵州 云南 0.505 10 广东 香港 0.464
各地区间的
地理距离
各地区间的
饮食相似度
各地区间的地理距离 1 -.508**
各地区间的饮食相似度 -.508** 1
饮食属性 属性词集
味道 味道、味道儿、口味、口味儿、口感
环境 环境、氛围、装潢、气氛
服务 服务、服务态度、态度、服务员、服务生、店员
价格 价格、价钱、菜价、价位、价额、单价、定价
份量 份量、量、分量、菜量、菜份量
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