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Data Analysis and Knowledge Discovery  2018, Vol. 2 Issue (5): 1-10    DOI: 10.11925/infotech.2096-3467.2018.0052
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Image Annotation Tags by Deep Learning and Real Users: A Comparative Study
Wei Lu,Mengqi Luo(),Heng Ding,Xin Li
School of Information Management, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
Information Retrieval and Knowledge Mining Laboratory, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
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Abstract  

[Objective] This paper proposes a user tagging framework and examines the limitations of tagging image with deep learning techniques, aiming to improve the performance of automatic annotation services. [Methods] We analyzed the user-added tags from one million images on flickr.com to extract the high frequency ones. Then, we mapped these tags with the proposed framework, and compared them with tags from the ImageNet database. Finally, we analyzed images with high frequency tags with the deep learning algorithm - MXNet. [Results] The automatic image annotation techniques based on deep learning could not effectively understand the image’s background knowledge, as well as the image’s descriptions from the human perceptive. [Limitations] Our dataset needs to be expanded and analyzed with other deep learning algorithms. [Conclusions] The development of automatic image annotation, requires us to establish the association between image information, background knowledge, and description, as well as cultivate deductive reasoning and context-aware abilities.

Key wordsImage Annotation      User Tags      Automatic Image Annotation      Machine Learning      Deep Learning      Artificial Intelligence     
Received: 15 January 2018      Published: 20 June 2018

Cite this article:

Wei Lu,Mengqi Luo,Heng Ding,Xin Li. Image Annotation Tags by Deep Learning and Real Users: A Comparative Study. Data Analysis and Knowledge Discovery, 2018, 2(5): 1-10.

URL:

http://manu44.magtech.com.cn/Jwk_infotech_wk3/EN/10.11925/infotech.2096-3467.2018.0052     OR     http://manu44.magtech.com.cn/Jwk_infotech_wk3/EN/Y2018/V2/I5/1

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