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Data Analysis and Knowledge Discovery  2019, Vol. 3 Issue (4): 97-106    DOI: 10.11925/infotech.2096-3467.2018.0757
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News Hotspots Discovery Method Based on Multi Factor Feature Selection and AFOA/K-means
Tingxin Wen1,Yangzi Li1(),Jingshuang Sun2
1Institute of Systems Engineering, Liaoning Technical University, Huludao 125105, China
2College of Business Administration, Liaoning Technical University, Huludao 125105, China
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[Objective] This paper aims to improve the efficiency and accuracy of the hot topic by studying the feature reduction method and clustering algorithm of the news text. [Methods] Based on the traditional TF-IDF formula, the four features are introduced to realize multi factor feature selection, including weighting of symbol, part of speech, position and length. The Ameliorated Fruit fly Optimization Algorithm(AFOA) is constructed from four aspects of coding, fitness function, adaptive step length and population fitness variance. AFOA is used to optimize the K-means initial cluster center, and the optimized K-means is used to find hot topics. Multi factor feature selection is used to identify hot topics, and hot topic ranking is achieved by using TOPSIS. [Results] Relevant experiments show that multi factor feature selection and AFOA/K-means algorithm significantly improve the clustering effect respectively, and verify the overall effectiveness of the proposed method. [Limitations] It is only applicable to Chinese news texts. [Conclusions] The proposed method can provide a new idea for the research of Chinese news hotspots discovery.

Key wordsNetwork News      Hot Topic Discovery      Multi Factor Feature Selection      AFOA/K-means Algorithm      TOPSIS Model     
Received: 15 July 2018      Published: 29 May 2019

Cite this article:

Tingxin Wen,Yangzi Li,Jingshuang Sun. News Hotspots Discovery Method Based on Multi Factor Feature Selection and AFOA/K-means. Data Analysis and Knowledge Discovery, 2019, 3(4): 97-106.

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