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Data Analysis and Knowledge Discovery  2020, Vol. 4 Issue (1): 51-62    DOI: 10.11925/infotech.2096-3467.2019.1227
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Qualitative Data Analysis in Chinese Social Science Studies——The Case of Nvivo
Hong Pan(),Li Tang
School of International Relations & Public Affairs, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China
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Abstract  

[Objective] At present, massive unstructured data has emerged on a large scale, which makes effective use of qualitative data analysis tools increasingly important. This paper systematically reviews Nvivo-applied research in Chinese social science.[Coverage] We used “Nvivo” as the keyword to search in CNKI database. A total of 327 sample articles were retrieved from 2008 to 2018 with manual cleaning.[Methods] We used the content analysis method to encode the sample literature, and then analyzed the application status of qualitative data analysis tools.[Results] (I)Application subject. Over the last decade, Nvivo-applied research had been growing rapidly in China. However, the links between research teams and institutions were rather weak.(II) Application process.More than 80% of the methods were content analysis for non-obtrusive designs and interview for obtrusive designs. Less than 10% of Nvivo-applied research included four steps of data coding, coding test, coding analysis and theoretical modeling. (III)Application object.These researches focused on grounded theory, qualitative research and content analysis, and the leading researchers were from public administration, library and information science, and journalism communication.[Limitations] We should improve Nvivo-applied research from the perspectives of scientific research cooperation, step normalization, method diversification, and data diversity.[Conclusions] The future qualitative data analysis tools could play a better role in social science studies thanks to their powerful data coding and theoretical construction functions

Key wordsQualitative Data Analysis      Social Science Studies      Nvivo     
Received: 11 November 2019      Published: 14 March 2020
ZTFLH:  TP393  
Corresponding Authors: Hong Pan     E-mail: panhong0127@163.com

Cite this article:

Hong Pan,Li Tang. Qualitative Data Analysis in Chinese Social Science Studies——The Case of Nvivo. Data Analysis and Knowledge Discovery, 2020, 4(1): 51-62.

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http://manu44.magtech.com.cn/Jwk_infotech_wk3/EN/10.11925/infotech.2096-3467.2019.1227     OR     http://manu44.magtech.com.cn/Jwk_infotech_wk3/EN/Y2020/V4/I1/51

An Analysis Framework of Nvivo-applied Research in Chinese Social Science
编号

编码
基本概况 应用主体 应用过程 应用客体
标题 年份 期刊 学科 作者 机构 研究方法 数据来源 研究过程 研究结论 研究主题
2013-17 我国基础教育阶段学校办学质量评估方案的元评估研究 2013 《教育学报》 教育学 王颖;
张东娇
香港中文大学;北京师范大学 内容分析法 二手资料:政府文件(17份省级基础教育阶段学校办学质量评估方案) 资料编码;
编码分析;
编码检验
描述研究现象(新描) 学校办学质量评估
2018-68 “一事一议”财政奖补政策绩效偏差及影响因素——基于甘肃省10个县(区)的质化研究 2018 《公共管理学报》 管理学 何文盛; 何志才; 唐序康;
包丽美
兰州大学;西北师范大学知行学院 访谈法;
内容分析法
一手资料:访谈资料(183 份访谈逐字稿);
二手资料:政府文件(相关政策文本)
资料编码;编码分析;编码检验;理论建模 构建理论模型(新构)(“一事一议”财政奖补政策绩效偏差影响因素模型) 财政奖补政策绩效
Descriptions of Sample Literature Coding
Publications of Nvivo-applied Research in Chinese Social Science (2008-2018)
Author Cooperative Networks of Nvivo-applied Research in Chinese Social Science
Institution Cooperative Networks of Nvivo-applied Research in Chinese Social Science
研究方法 研究方法类别 研究方法名称 发文量(篇) 占比(%)
一种研究方法
(276篇)
非介入性研究 145 52.6
内容分析法 145 52.6
介入性研究:访谈类 117 42.4
半结构式访谈法 44 15.9
访谈法 33 12.0
深度访谈法 26 9.4
关键事件访谈法 5 1.8
焦点团体访谈法 4 1.5
行为事件访谈法 2 0.7
开放式访谈法 2 0.7
照片引谈法 1 0.4
介入性研究:问卷类 8 2.9
开放式问卷调查法 4 1.5
半结构式问卷调查法 2 0.7
问卷调查法 2 0.7
介入性研究:实地类 6 2.1
田野调查法 2 0.7
民族志研究法 2 0.7
实地观察法 2 0.7
≥一种研究方法
(51篇)
介入性+非介入性研究 28 54.9
访谈类+内容分析类 16 31.4
访谈类+实地类+内容分析类 9 17.6
访谈类+问卷类+内容分析类 3 5.9
介入性+介入性研究 23 45.1
访谈类+访谈类 2 3.9
访谈类+实地类 8 15.7
访谈类+问卷类 11 21.6
访谈类+问卷类+实地类 2 3.9
Method Types of Nvivo-applied Research in Chinese Social Science
数据来源 数据来源类别 数据来源名称 发文量(篇) 占比
(%)
一种数据来源
(278篇)
二手数据 145 52.2
内容分析资料来源 网络文本 49 17.6
政府文件 40 14.4
文献资料 28 10.1
视频音频 16 5.7
教学文本 6 2.1
照片图片 2 0.7
档案资料 1 0.4
辩论语料 1 0.4
判决书 1 0.4
招聘信息 1 0.4
一手数据 133 47.8
访谈资料 119 42.8
问卷资料 8 2.9
田野资料 2 0.7
民族志资料 2 0.7
观察资料 2 0.7
≥2数据来源
(49篇)
一手数据+二手数据 28 57.2
访谈资料+内容分析资料 16 32.7
访谈资料+观察资料+内容分析资料 9 18.4
访谈资料+问卷资料+内容分析资料 3 6.1
一手数据+一手数据 21 42.8
访谈资料+观察资料 8 16.3
访谈资料+问卷资料 11 22.4
访谈资料+问卷资料+观察资料 2 4.1
Data Sources of Nvivo-applied Research in Chinese Social Science
A Logical Route of Nvivo-applied Research in Chinese Social Science
应用
步骤
资料
编码
编码
检验
编码
分析
理论
建模
频数 占比
(%)
一步 57 17.4
二步 25 7.6
156 47.7
10 3.1
三步 51 15.6
18 5.5
1 0.3
四步 9 2.8
Processes of Nvivo-applied Research in Chinese Social Science
类型 研究结论 频数 占比(%)
描述类 171 52.3
描述研究现象(新描) 153 46.8
有理论基础/框架-描述研究
现象(修正补充)
18 5.5
模型类 156 47.7
构建理论模型(新构) 139 42.5
有理论基础/框架-构建理论
模型(修正补充)
17 5.2
Conclusions of Nvivo-applied Research in Chinese Social Science
Keywords Co-occurrence Maps of Nvivo-applied Research in Chinese Social Science
序号 关键词 频次 中介中心度 年份
1 扎根理论 56 0.44 2012
2 质性研究 28 0.16 2012
3 影响因素 17 0.09 2012
4 质性分析 14 0.04 2011
5 内容分析 10 0.13 2017
6 Nvivo 10 0.04 2012
High Frequency Keywords of Nvivo-applied Research in Chinese Social Science
Keywords Time Zone Maps of Nvivo-applied Research in Chinese Social Science
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