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Data Analysis and Knowledge Discovery  2020, Vol. 4 Issue (7): 2-17    DOI: 10.11925/infotech.2096-3467.2020.0325
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Principles on Constructing National Economic Brain
Wang Jiandong(),Yu Shiyang
Big Data Development Department, State Information Center, Beijing 100045, China
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Abstract  

[Objective] This paper identifies principles to build National Economic Brain, aiming to monitor and forecast macro-economy developments with big data. [Context] The National Development and Reform Commission’s Big Data Center is trying to construct ontology construction rules based on strategies, policies, projects, enterprises, natural persons.[Methods] We integrated algorithm of complex network, natural language processing and spatio-temporal analysis to create a macro-meso-micro analysis system.[Results] At the micro level, we integrated government and social data to build a dynamic ontology library. We established a unified association based on corporate social credit codes, which includes 30 million enterprises and 50 million individual business across the country, as well as 78 categories and 1 828 indicators. At the meso level, we built a simulation analysis platform based on the three dependencies of complex systems. At the macro level, we monitored economic power (investment, consumption, and trade), along with industrial operation and regional developments. We also put forward 15 big data monitoring indicators, and then combined traditional prediction, complexity prediction, behavior prediction and space-time prediction to strengthen risk identification.[Conclusions] We constructed a framework of microscopic dynamic ontology, mesoscopic simulation analysis, and macroscopic monitoring and forecasting system. It effectively addresses the theoretical dilemma of macro/micro-economics disconnection, and promotes decision-makings for macro-economy.

Key wordsBig Data      Economic Monitoring and Forecasting      National Economic Brain     
Received: 16 April 2020      Published: 25 July 2020
ZTFLH:  TP391  
Corresponding Authors: Wang Jiandong     E-mail: wangjd@sic.gov.cn

Cite this article:

Wang Jiandong,Yu Shiyang. Principles on Constructing National Economic Brain. Data Analysis and Knowledge Discovery, 2020, 4(7): 2-17.

URL:

http://manu44.magtech.com.cn/Jwk_infotech_wk3/EN/10.11925/infotech.2096-3467.2020.0325     OR     http://manu44.magtech.com.cn/Jwk_infotech_wk3/EN/Y2020/V4/I7/2

研究范式 方法类型 代表性成果
均衡范式 统计分析 Müller等[23](2006); Cavallo等[24](2016); Kholodilin等[25](2009); Schneider等[26](2016);Artola等[27](2015)
演化范式 行为依赖性 复杂网络 Bustos等[28](2012); Tacchella等[29](2012); Cristelli等[30](2015); Hidalgo等[31](2009); Gao[32](2015)
观念依赖性 人工智能 Liu等[33](2014); Levenberg等[34](2013); Llorente等[35](2015)
时空依赖性 时空分析 Neffke等[36](2011); Gao[32](2015); Doll等[37](2006); Salesses等[38](2013); 杨振山等[39](2015)
The Main Methods and Representative Studies of Big Data Economic Analysis
Framework of Data Resource Dynamic Ontology Organization Management System
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