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Data Analysis and Knowledge Discovery  2021, Vol. 5 Issue (2): 94-105    DOI: 10.11925/infotech.2096-3467.2020.0521
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Music Recommendation Method Based on Multi-Source Information Fusion
Li Danyang,Gan Mingxin()
School of Economics and Management, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China
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[Objective] This paper creates a musical feature system based on multi-source information, aiming to address the cold start issue facing music recommendation and provide personalized services. [Methods] We proposed a two-stage model with multi-source information fused by neural network algorithm. Then, we built the musical feature system and predicted the potential factor vectors of music. Finally, we generated the TopN recommendation list for the users. [Results] We examined our model with the Million Song Dataset. Compared with other models such as CNN, the F1 value was improved by 9.13%, and the RMSE, MAE values were reduced by 8.08% and 3.91%, respectively. [Limitations] Our new method encounters more limits than the end-to-end training ones. And training with the Mel-frequency spectrum demands much more memory. [Conclusions] The proposed model improves the performance of music recommendation services.

Key wordsMusic Recommendation      Deep Learning      Information Fusion      Neural Network     
Received: 04 June 2020      Published: 11 March 2021
ZTFLH:  G350  
Fund:National Natural Science Foundation of China(71871019);National Natural Science Foundation of China(71471016);National Natural Science Foundation of China(71531013)
Corresponding Authors: Gan Mingxin ORCID:0000-0001-8751-0780     E-mail:

Cite this article:

Li Danyang, Gan Mingxin. Music Recommendation Method Based on Multi-Source Information Fusion. Data Analysis and Knowledge Discovery, 2021, 5(2): 94-105.

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General Architecture of Music Recommendation Method
The Architecture of Neural Network Model
Flow Chart of Audio Data Processing
The Architecture of LSTM Unit
Track_id Title Song_id Release
TRACCVZ128F4291A8A Deep Sea Creature SOVLGJY12A8C13FBED Call of the Mastodon
TRACCMH128F428E4CD No Quieras Marcharte SOGDQZK12A8C13F37C Adelante
TRACCJA128F149A144 Segredo SODPNJR12A6D4FA52D Joao Voz E Violato
TRACCUS128F92E1FEB Bedroom Acoustics SOMMSMW12A8C13FCCC Plug In Baby
TRACJDX12903CD4917 Church Hangover SOSJVGP12AB0185B95 El Mas Chingon
Artist_id Artist_mbid Artist_name Year
ARMQHX71187B9890D3 bc5e2ad6-0a4a-4d90-b911-e9a7e6861727 Mastodon 2001
AR2PT4M1187FB55B1A d54ea4a6-0b9c-4e47-bed0-289ae9ff4037 Los Chichos 1984
AR3THYK1187B999F1F 286ec4c2-b5ca-4f85-b331-280a6d73dd14 Jo?o Gilberto 2000
ARR3ONV1187B9A2F59 fd857293-5ab8-40de-b29e-55a69d4e4d0f Muse 0
ARYF20K1187B9B76BD 4a41c200-153b-4158-87b3-db0fea627e2c George Lopez 2006
Metadata Information of Musics
User_id Song_id Play_num
d3f65887d5eb4eac8ca14d0f3085c5021e79a8c5 SOAWFKO129F06933A7 2
4fd90e488869fffe6e2186a489311bdb19ebce46 SOUGUKH12A8C13FBB0 22
8e62f55bc5830dfcbe92339afd86fda1d7fccb5e SOOQUVZ12A6D4F7536 3
747155a884e6c96299a1a052e89ead19f31ad235 SONDICG12AB0184D30 6
3446fc0b811c4970eafe30866f873e44567d371c SOODZFJ12A6D4F8D03 1
Listening Records of Users
Artist_id Tag
AR002UA1187B9A637D garage rock
AR002UA1187B9A637D free jazz
AR002UA1187B9A637D pop
AR003FB1187B994355 rock
AR003FB1187B994355 hip hop
Labels of Singers
CNN 1.0 156 0.8 734 0.4 580 0.1 099
Year 1.0 129 0.8 727 0.4 599 0.1 098
CNN+LSTM 0.9 668 0.9 450 0.4 833 0.1 073
Category 0.9 648 0.8 580 0.4 548 0.1 035
Artist 0.8 821 0.8 232 0.4 457 0.0 921
本文方法 0.7 942 0.8 028 0.4 401 0.0 894
Comparisons on Errors of Different Models
Results of Precision
Results of Recall
Results of F1 Value
模型 准确率 召回率 F1
N=3 N=4 N=3 N=4 N=3 N=4
CNN+LSTM 0.6 075 0.5 543 0.7 160 0.8 229 0.5 992 0.6 065
CNN 0.6 104 0.5 552 0.7 237 0.8 307 0.6 038 0.6 094
Year 0.6 269 0.5 612 0.7 517 0.8 480 0.6 230 0.6 176
Category 0.6 445 0.5 739 0.7 746 0.8 661 0.6 426 0.6 318
Artist 0.6 595 0.5 867 0.7 724 0.8 665 0.6 491 0.6 397
本文方法 0.6 682 0.5 888 0.7 843 0.8 711 0.6 589 0.6 431
Comparisons on Evaluation Indexes of Recommendation
Three-Dimensional Music Cluster
Visualized Results of Potential Factor Vectors
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