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Data Analysis and Knowledge Discovery  2021, Vol. 5 Issue (1): 36-55    DOI: 10.11925/infotech.2096-3467.2020.0906
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Review of Cultural Heritage Crowdsourcing in the Domain of Digital Humanities
Zhao Yuxiang(),Lian Jingwen
School of Economics & Management, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094, China
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Abstract  

[Objective] This paper systematically reviews the development of research and practice of the cultural heritage crowdsourcing in the domain of digital humanities.[Coverage] We used various sources such as SSCI, SCIE, EI, A&HCI, CPCI-S, CPCI-SSH, Google Scholar, CNKI, Wanfang Data and VIP to search literatures with the keywords “cultural heritage crowdsourcing”, “crowdsourcing AND digital humanities”, “cultural heritage AND collaboration”, “cultural heritage AND user generated content”, “GLAM AND crowdsourcing” etc. We then collected 110 representative literatures in conjunction with topic screening and backward and forward approach.[Methods] First, we classified the connotation and extension of cultural heritage crowdsourcing and made a loosely defined concept. Then, we investigated the current status of research and practice of cultural heritage crowdsourcing from three key elements of data resources, digital technology and platform system.[Results] This paper explores the concept of cultural heritage crowdsourcing, proposes the classification of cultural heritage crowdsourcing projects, explores the data life cycle and digital technology classification system of cultural heritage crowdsourcing, and sorts out the relevant research results and experience in the construction and operation management of cultural heritage crowdsourcing platform.[Limitations] Future research will further refine the integrated framework of the cultural heritage crowdsourcing model for the research and practice of digital humanities.[Conclusions] Cultural heritage crowdsourcing is a new model in the field of public cultural services in recent years in terms of data collection and analysis, construction of information resources and innovation of knowledge services. It is a new campaign in response to the deep integration of technology and culture in the digital era, and also a new direction for digital humanities exploration in the discipline of library, information and archives management.

Key wordsCultural Heritage Crowdsourcing      Cultural Heritage Institutions      Knowledge Innovation Service      Cultural Big Data      Digital Humanities     
Received: 15 September 2020      Published: 05 February 2021
ZTFLH:  G315  
Corresponding Authors: Zhao Yuxiang     E-mail: yxzhao@vip.163.com

Cite this article:

Zhao Yuxiang,Lian Jingwen. Review of Cultural Heritage Crowdsourcing in the Domain of Digital Humanities. Data Analysis and Knowledge Discovery, 2021, 5(1): 36-55.

URL:

http://manu44.magtech.com.cn/Jwk_infotech_wk3/EN/10.11925/infotech.2096-3467.2020.0906     OR     http://manu44.magtech.com.cn/Jwk_infotech_wk3/EN/Y2021/V5/I1/36

项目名称 发起者 主要任务 任务对象 文化遗产资源类型 参与者
Australian Newspaper Digitisation 澳大利亚国家图书馆 修订 澳大利亚报纸 馆藏资源 业余爱好者、家庭历史学家和对澳大利亚历史感兴趣的历史学家
What’s on the Menu?[21] 美国纽约公共图书馆 转录 4万份历史悠久的纽约餐厅菜单 馆藏资源 普通公众
盛宣怀档案抄录项目[22] 上海图书馆 转录、注释 盛宣怀档案手稿 馆藏资源 普通公众
The National Archives Transcription Pilot[23] 美国国家档案局 转录、标记和注释 300多份手写或印刷的历史文件(内战间谍信、总统记录、投票权请愿书和逃亡奴隶案件档案等) 馆藏资源 普通公众
Click! A Crowd-Curated Exhibition [24] 美国布鲁克林艺术博物馆 评估和筛选(共同策展) 与改变布鲁克林面貌主题相关的照片 馆藏资源 普通公众
Steven.Museum[25] 多个美国与英国的艺术博物馆 添加标签 博物馆艺术藏品 馆藏资源 普通公众
Open Plaques[26] 社区/公众 收集照片和信息,并进行分类 世界各地建筑物和地标上的纪念性牌匾和历史标记 文化景观 普通公众
Ghostsigns[27] Sam Roberts 收集照片和信息 澳大利亚相关建筑上的手绘广告 文化景观 拥有相机和电子邮件的人
The Traditional Stone Bridge of Plaka[28] 雅典国立技术大学 收集图像或视频,并制作3D模型 普拉卡石桥 文化景观 普通公众、科学家和工程师
Yleisradio Conflict Heritage[29] Crowdsourcing 芬兰广播公司Yleisradio 标记、描述、提供照片或评论 二战战场以外其他发生冲突的地点 文化遗址 普通公众
Nikkil? Memories[30] 芬兰西波市市政当局 收集与人们的记忆、经验和价值观相关的当地知识 当地人对Nikkil?的老建筑和方志的个体及社会记忆 非物质文化遗产资源 普通公众
Examples and Classification Characteristics of Cultural Heritage Crowdsourcing Projects
Classification of Cultural Heritage Crowdsourcing Projects
Knowledge Discovery Oriented Data Lifecycle for Cultural Heritage Crowdsourcing
Digital Technology Classification System for Cultural Heritage Crowdsourcing Projects
平台类型 平台特征 典型项目
全自建
平台
根据项目特点完全自主开发,独立性高、针对性强,但成本相对较高。 Australian Newspaper Digitisation、What’s on the Menu?、The Smithsonian’s Field Book Project、盛宣怀档案抄录等
半自建
平台
基于开源软件开发或基于已有平台修改建设,成本相对较低、成熟度较高、敏捷性和开放性较强。 Edvard Munch’s Writings、Transcribe Bentham、DIY History、The Louisville Leader Transcription Project等
通用平台 通常为适用于众多项目的门户网站和社交媒体平台,成本低、知名度高,但功能受限、针对性弱。 Old Weather、Shakespeare’s World、The Frederick Douglass Diary、the Library of Congress Photos on Flickr Pilot Project等
Platform Classification of Cultural Heritage Crowdsourcing
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