Please wait a minute...
Data Analysis and Knowledge Discovery  2021, Vol. 5 Issue (5): 30-40    DOI: 10.11925/infotech.2096-3467.2020.1190
Current Issue | Archive | Adv Search |
Extracting China’s Economic Image from Western News
Xu Guang,Ren Ming(),Song Chengyu
School of Information Resource Management, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
Download: PDF (2068 KB)   HTML ( 17
Export: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      

[Objective] This paper uses text mining techniques to extract China’s economic image from news published by western media. [Methods] First, we analyzed the representation of image by textual message based on the cognitive schema of human. Then, we extracted the image from topics, viewpoints and sentiment. Finally, we developed text mining process and methods to retrieve China’s image from Western reports. [Results] China’s economic image from news published by Western media covering Davos Forum was summarized as a developing country full of vitality, with great achievements, bringing opportunities and challenges to the world, and possibly affecting the world order. [Limitations] The human interpretation of LDA models inevitably leads to individual difference. [Conclusions] The proposed method could benefit research and practice on extracting image of a country, a region, or a city from news reports.

Key wordsText Mining      Economic Image      News      China      Davos Forum     
Received: 30 November 2020      Published: 08 March 2021
ZTFLH:  TP391  
Fund:The work is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(71772177);The work is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(72072177)
Corresponding Authors: Ren Ming     E-mail:

Cite this article:

Xu Guang,Ren Ming,Song Chengyu. Extracting China’s Economic Image from Western News. Data Analysis and Knowledge Discovery, 2021, 5(5): 30-40.

URL:     OR

Extraction Process of National Image Based on Text Mining
Viewpoint Extraction Based on Transformer
Extracting Sentiment Based on Bi-GRU
华尔街日报 纽约时报 卫报 金融时报 总计
347篇 491篇 205篇 897篇 1 940篇
Amount of News about China During Davos Forum (2005-2020)
编码层 解码层
参数 参数值 参数 参数值
heads 8 heads 8
hidden_size 512 hidden_size 768
layers 6 layers 6
dropout 0.2 dropout 0.2
Parameters of Viewpoint Extraction Model
参数 参数值 参数 参数值
max_sequence 512 batch_size 32
隐藏层个数 2 learning_rate 0.001
隐藏层的节点 256 dropout 0.25
全连接层的节点 512 训练周期 5
输出层节点 1
Parameters of Sentiment Extraction Model
China’s Economic Image in Western Media
Amount of News of 7 Topics (2005-2020)
Sentiment and Its Change in Theme Level
Amount of News About Sino-U.S. Relation
Sentiment and Its Change about Sino-U.S. Relation in Different Year
[1] 钟智锦, 王童辰. 大数据文本挖掘技术在新闻传播学科的应用[J]. 当代传播, 2018(5):12-18.
[1] ( Zhong Zhijin, Wang Tongchen. Applications of Big Data Text Mining Technology in Journalism and Communication[J]. Contemporary Communication, 2018(5):12-18.)
[2] Anholt S. Understanding National Image[A]//Competitive Identity[M]. Palgrave Macmillan, London, 2007: 43-62.
[3] Li X, Chitty N. Reframing National Image: A Methodological Framework[J]. Conflict & Communication Online, 2009,8(2):1-11.
[4] Boulding K E. National Images and International Systems[J]. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 1959,3(2):120-131.
doi: 10.1177/002200275900300204
[5] Kunczik M. Globalisation: News Media, Images of Nations and the Flow of International Capital with Special Reference to the Role of Rating Agencies[J]. Journal of International Communication, 2002,8(1):39-79.
doi: 10.1080/13216597.2002.9751921
[6] Zhou H, Chen X H, Wu X. The Image of the United States in the Chinese Media: An Examination of the Evaluative Component of Framing[J]. Public Relations Review, 2012,38(5):676-683.
doi: 10.1016/j.pubrev.2012.09.001
[7] 郭晴, 王宏江, 余婷婷, 等. 北京奥运背景下的中国国家形象研究[J].体育科学, 2009(8):3-11.
[7] ( Guo Qing, Wang Hongjiang, Yu Tingting, et al. A Study on Chinese National Image under the Background of Beijing Olympic Games[J]. China Sport Science, 2009(8):3-11.)
[8] 葛岩, 赵海, 秦裕林, 等 . 国家, 地区媒体形象的数据挖掘——基于认知心理学与计算机自然语言处理技术的视角[J]. 学术月刊, 2015,47(7):163-170.
[8] ( Ge Yan, Zhao Hai, Qin Yulin, et al. Mining National and Regional Images from Newspaper Reports——A Cognitive and Text Mining Approach[J]. Academic Monthly, 2015,47(7):163-170.)
[9] 约翰·安德森. 认知心理学及其启示[M]. 秦裕林, 程瑶,周海燕等译. 7版. 北京: 人民邮电出版社, 2013: 58- 59, 169-200.
[9] ( Anderson J. Cognitive Psychology and Its Implications[M]. Translated by Qin Yulin, Cheng Yao, Zhou Haiyan, et al. The 7th Edition. Beijing: Posts and Telecom Press, 2013:58-59, 169-200.)
[10] Brewer W F, Treyens J C. Role of Schemata in Memory for Places[J]. Cognitive Psychology, 1981,13(2):207-230.
doi: 10.1016/0010-0285(81)90008-6
[11] Fazio R H, Powell M C, Williams C J. The Role of Attitude Accessibility in the Attitude-to-Behavior Process[J]. Journal of Consumer Research, 1989,16(3):280-288.
doi: 10.1086/jcr.1989.16.issue-3
[12] Holland R W, Verplanken B, van Knippenberg A. From Repetition to Conviction: Attitude Accessibility as a Determinant of Attitude Certainty[J]. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 2003,39(6):594-601.
doi: 10.1016/S0022-1031(03)00038-6
[13] Fiske S T. Stereotyping, Prejudice, Discrimination at the Seam Between the Centuries: Evolution, Culture, Mind, and Brain[J]. European Journal of Social Psychology, 2000,30(3):299-322.
doi: 10.1002/(ISSN)1099-0992
[14] 刘小燕. 关于传媒塑造国家形象的思考[J]. 国际新闻界, 2002(2):61-66.
[14] ( Liu Xiaoyan. Thinking on Shaping of State Images by the Media[J]. Chinese Journal of Journalism & Communication, 2002(2):61-66.)
[15] McCombs M E, Shaw D L. The Agenda-Setting Function of Mass Media[J]. Public Opinion Quarterly, 1972,36(2):176-187.
doi: 10.1086/267990
[16] Gerbner G, Gross L, Morgan M, et al. Growing up with Television: Cultivation Processes[A]//Bryant J, Zillmann D. LEA’s Communication Series. Media Effects: Advances in Theory and Research[M]. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers, 2002: 43-67.
[17] Bolin G, Miazhevich G. The Soft Power of Commercialised Nationalist Symbols: Using Media Analysis to Understand Nation Branding Campaigns[J]. European Journal of Cultural Studies, 2018,21(5):527-542.
doi: 10.1177/1367549417751153
[18] 周小普, 赵喆. 中国对外报道现状分析与国家形象建构——以央视英语新闻频道《中国24小时》为例[J]. 国际新闻界, 2013,35(11):117-129.
[18] ( Zhou Xiaopu, Zhao Zhe. China’s External Reporting and National Image Building: A Study of CCTV NEWS’ China 24[J]. Chinese Journal of Journalism & Communication, 2013,35(11):117-129.)
[19] Peng Z. Representation of China: An Across Time Analysis of Coverage in the New York Times and Los Angeles Times[J]. Asian Journal of Communication, 2004,14(1):53-67.
doi: 10.1080/0129298042000195170
[20] Syed N A. The Effect of Beijing 2008 on China’s Image in the United States: A Study of US Media and Polls[J]. The International Journal of the History of Sport, 2010,27(16-18):2863-2892.
doi: 10.1080/09523367.2010.508277
[21] Choi J. National Image of North Korea in South Korean News Media[J]. Journal of Public Affairs, 2018,18(4):e1710.
doi: 10.1002/pa.v18.4
[22] 侯杰. 西方媒体视野中的中国经济形象——基于2014-2015《经济学人》的批评话语分析[J]. 文教资料, 2018 ( 1):113-115.
[22] ( Hou Jie. Analysis of China’s Economic Image from the Perspective of Western Media—A Study of Critical Discourse Analysis of the Economist During 2014 and 2015[J]. Data of Culture and Education, 2018 ( 1):113-115.)
[23] 计冬桢. 澳大利亚主流报纸中的中国形象研究2007-2010[D]. 上海: 华东师范大学, 2018.
[23] ( Ji Dongzhen. A Study of China’s Image in Australian Mainstream Newspaper 2007-2010[D]. Shanghai: East China Normal University, 2018.)
[24] Xu G, Ren M. Comparing China’s Self-image and Western Media Projected Image: From the Perspective of Davos Forum[C]// Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Information Retrieval. 2018: 385-395.
[25] Rubin R B, Rubin A M, Haridakis P M. Communication Research: Strategies and Sources[M]. Nelson Education, 2009.
[26] 赵为学. 新闻传播学研究中话语分析的应用: 现状、局限与前景[J]. 上海大学学报(社会科学版), 2008,15(4):90-99.
[26] ( Zhao Weixue. Discourse Analysis in News Communication: Status Quo, Limitation and Prospect[J]. Journal of Shanghai University(Social Sciences Edition), 2008,15(4):90-99.)
[27] 郭金龙, 许鑫, 陆宇杰. 人文社会科学研究中文本挖掘技术应用进展[J]. 图书情报工作, 2012,56(8):10-17.
[27] ( Guo Jinlong, Xu Xin, Lu Yujie. Progress of Text Mining Applications in Humanities and Social Science[J]. Library and Information Service, 2012,56(8):10-17.)
[28] Liu Y. Fine-Tune BERT for Extractive Summarization[OL]. arXiv Preprint, arXiv: 1903. 10318.
[1] Zhang Guobiao,Li Jie. Detecting Social Media Fake News with Semantic Consistency Between Multi-model Contents[J]. 数据分析与知识发现, 2021, 5(5): 21-29.
[2] Dai Bing,Hu Zhengyin. Review of Studies on Literature-Based Discovery[J]. 数据分析与知识发现, 2021, 5(4): 1-12.
[3] Wang Hongbin,Wang Jianxiong,Zhang Yafei,Yang Heng. Topic Recognition of News Reports with Imbalanced Contents[J]. 数据分析与知识发现, 2021, 5(3): 109-120.
[4] Zhao Tianzi, Duan Liang, Yue Kun, Qiao Shaojie, Ma Zijuan. Generating News Clues with Biterm Topic Model[J]. 数据分析与知识发现, 2021, 5(2): 1-13.
[5] He Xueyao, Ma Tingcan, Yue Mingliang, Ou Guiyan. Analyzing Highly Cited Papers Sponsored by National Natural Science Foundation of China[J]. 数据分析与知识发现, 2021, 5(2): 61-69.
[6] Lv Huakui,Liu Zhenghao,Qian Yuxing,Hong Xudong. Relationship Between Financial News and Stock Market Fluctuations[J]. 数据分析与知识发现, 2021, 5(1): 99-111.
[7] Yu Chuanming, Wang Manyi, Lin Hongjun, Zhu Xingyu, Huang Tingting, An Lu. A Comparative Study of Word Representation Models Based on Deep Learning[J]. 数据分析与知识发现, 2020, 4(8): 28-40.
[8] Xia Tian. Extracting Key-phrases from Chinese Scholarly Papers[J]. 数据分析与知识发现, 2020, 4(7): 76-86.
[9] Du Jian. Measuring Uncertainty of Medical Knowledge: A Literature Review[J]. 数据分析与知识发现, 2020, 4(10): 14-27.
[10] Peng Guan,Yuefen Wang. Advances in Patent Network[J]. 数据分析与知识发现, 2020, 4(1): 26-39.
[11] Mingxuan Huang,Shoudong Lu,Hui Xu. Cross-Language Information Retrieval Based on Weighted Association Patterns and Rule Consequent Expansion[J]. 数据分析与知识发现, 2019, 3(9): 77-87.
[12] Yanan Yang,Wenhui Zhao,Jian Zhang,Shen Tan,Beibei Zhang. Visualizing Policy Texts Based on Multi-View Collaboration[J]. 数据分析与知识发现, 2019, 3(6): 30-41.
[13] Mengji Zhang,Wanyu Du,Nan Zheng. Predicting Stock Trends Based on News Events[J]. 数据分析与知识发现, 2019, 3(5): 11-18.
[14] Tingxin Wen,Yangzi Li,Jingshuang Sun. News Hotspots Discovery Method Based on Multi Factor Feature Selection and AFOA/K-means[J]. 数据分析与知识发现, 2019, 3(4): 97-106.
[15] Xu Yuemei,Lv Sining,Cai Lianqiao,Zhang Xiaoya. Analyzing News Topic Evolution with Convolutional Neural Networks and Topic2Vec[J]. 数据分析与知识发现, 2018, 2(9): 31-41.
  Copyright © 2016 Data Analysis and Knowledge Discovery   Tel/Fax:(010)82626611-6626,82624938