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Data Analysis and Knowledge Discovery  2017, Vol. 1 Issue (3): 29-37    DOI: 10.11925/infotech.2096-3467.2017.03.04
Orginal Article Current Issue | Archive | Adv Search |
Extracting and Visualizing Knowledge Graph Schema from Linked Data with Cytoscape Platform
Jiang Ying(), Zhang Jing, Zhu Lingxuan
School of Management, Beijing Normal University, Zhuhai, Zhuhai 519087, China
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[Objective] This paper proposes a new method to generate knowledge graph schema, aiming to help us understand the data structure before submitting a query, and improve the perfornamce of linked data retrieval. [Methods] First, we searched knowledge relations of the linked data through SPARQL. Second, we constructed knowledge graph schema triples for each identified relation. Finally, we extracted graphs schema triples from every knowledge class and merged them with those of the relations. [Results] A Cytoscape plugin was developed based on the proposed method to visualize the knowledge graph schema. [Limitations] Our method could not extract knowledge from complex classtification, such as anonymous nodes. [Conclusions] The proposed method was examined with biomedical data for single, inclusive, and bridge extractions. It could retrieve information effectively, and does not need additional crawling and index efforts.

Key wordsLinked Data      Knowledge Graph Schema      SPARQL      Cytoscape     
Received: 18 January 2017      Published: 20 April 2017
ZTFLH:  TP393  

Cite this article:

Jiang Ying,Zhang Jing,Zhu Lingxuan. Extracting and Visualizing Knowledge Graph Schema from Linked Data with Cytoscape Platform. Data Analysis and Knowledge Discovery, 2017, 1(3): 29-37.

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关联数据SPARQL访问点 RDF三元组个数 抽取时间(分钟)
Pathway Commons 27 623 683 8.16
BioCyc 18 532 342 9.57
MeSH 654 198 10.86
Reactome 2 980 230 6.45
知识关系 rdfs:range
meshv:TreeNumber meshv:parentTreeNumber meshv:TreeNumber
meshv:treeNumber meshv:TreeNumber
meshv:Concept meshv:broaderConcept meshv:Concept
meshv:Concept meshv:narrowerConcept meshv:Concept
meshv:Concept meshv:relatedConcept meshv:Concept
meshv:Descriptor meshv:broaderDescriptor meshv:Descriptor
meshv:hasDescriptor meshv:Descriptor
meshv:allowableQualifier meshv:Qualifier
meshv:hasQualifier meshv:Qualifier
meshv:Qualifier meshv:broaderQualifier meshv:Qualifier
子类(知识分类) 父类(知识分类)
meshv:TreeNumber owl:Thing
meshv:Concept owl:Thing
meshv:Descriptor owl:Thing
meshv:DescriptorQualifierPair owl:Thing
meshv:SupplementaryConceptRecord owl:Thing
meshv:Qualifier owl:Thing
meshv:Term owl:Thing
meshv:broaderQualifier meshv:Qualifier
对比项目 B1方法 B2方法 B方法(B1+B2) 本文
8 6 14 33
抽取查全率 22.86% 17.14% 40.00% 94.28%
关联数据SPARQL访问点 RDF三元组个数 图示节点形状
HGNC 922 523 圆形
MeSH 654 198 三角形
关联“包含” - 圆形
关联数据SPARQL访问点 RDF三元组个数 图示节点形状
BioModel 2 380 009 三角形
Pathway Commons 27 623 683 方形
Linkedspl 2 174 579 菱形
关联“桥” - 圆形
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