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Data Analysis and Knowledge Discovery  2018, Vol. 2 Issue (6): 13-24    DOI: 10.11925/infotech.2096-3467.2017.1101
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Incentive Investments on Information Security for Libraries: An Evolutionary Game-theory Approach
Zhu Guang(), Feng Mining, Zhang Weiwei
School of Management Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing 210044, China
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[Objective] This paper analyzes the library’s investment on information security from the benefit and cost perspectives, aiming to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of library security management. [Methods] First, we used the evolutionary game theory to define two players: library and technical enterprise. Then, we explored the intentions of investments on information security. Third, we analyzed the benefits and costs of investments, the payoff matrices and evolutionarily stable strategies (ESS). Finally, we designed an incentive mechanism to enhance the investment on information security. [Results] The investments from libraries and enterprises were correlated with benefit growth and cost reduction. If the benefit growth was small, the game players are less likely to invest. Once the profit growth became big, the game players tend to invest and then generated different strategies. [Limitations] We did not design the nonlinear profit function. Other factors, such as user’s demands and advertisement effects should also be included. [Conclusions] This study promotes the development of information security management in library.

Key wordsLibrary      Information Security Management      Investment Desire      Incentive      Evolutionary Game     
Received: 05 November 2017      Published: 11 July 2018
ZTFLH:  G250  

Cite this article:

Zhu Guang,Feng Mining,Zhang Weiwei. Incentive Investments on Information Security for Libraries: An Evolutionary Game-theory Approach. Data Analysis and Knowledge Discovery, 2018, 2(6): 13-24.

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符号 意义和说明
L 图书馆
E 技术研发企业
PL 博弈双方同时选择“低效投入”, 图书馆所获得的收益, PL > 0
PE 博弈双方同时选择“低效投入”, 技术研发企业所获得的收益, PE > 0
DL 图书馆选择“高效投入”时的投入成本, CL > 0
CE 技术研发企业选择“高效投入”时的投入成本, CE>0
ξL 图书馆“搭便车”所获得的额外收益, ξL >PL>0
ξE 技术研发企业“搭便车”所获得的额外收益, ξE >PE>0
a0 图书馆选择“高效投入”, 技术研发企业选择“低效投入”时, 图书馆的投入增益系数, a0>0
a1 博弈双方都选择“高效投入”时, 图书馆的投入增益系数, a1> a0>0
b0 图书馆选择“低效投入”, 技术研发企业选择“高效投入”时, 技术研发企业的投入增益系数, b0>0
b1 博弈双方都选择“高效投入”时, 技术研发企业的投入增益系数, b1> b0>0
高效投入 低效投入
高效投入 (1+a1)PL-CL, (1+b1)PE-CE (1+a0)PL-CL, ξE
低效投入 ξL, (1+b0)PE-CE PL, PE
均衡点 ${{a}_{11}}$ ${{a}_{12}}$ ${{a}_{21}}$ ${{a}_{22}}$
(0, 0) a0PL-CL 0 0 b0PE-CE
(0, 1) a1PL-CL-ξL+PL 0 0 -(b0PE-CE)
(1, 0) -(a0PL-CL) 0 0 b1PE-CE-ξE+PE
(1, 1) -(a1PL-CL-ξL+PL) 0 0 -(b1PE-CE-ξE+PE)
(A, B) 0 a12(A, B) a21(A, B) 0
高效投入 低效投入
高效投入 (1+a1)PL-CL, (1+b1)PE-CE (1+a0)PL-CL+K, ξE-K
低效投入 ξL-K, (1+b0)PE-CE+K PL-K, PE-K
均衡点 a11 a12 a21 a22
(0, 0) a0PL-CL+K 0 0 b0PE-CE+K
(0, 1) a1PL-CL-ξL+PL+K 0 0 -(b0PE-CE+K)
(1, 0) -(a1PL-CL+K) 0 0 b1PE-CE-ξE+PE+K
(1, 1) -(a1PL-CL-ξL+PL+K) 0 0 -(b1PE-CE-ξE+PE+K)
(A’, B’) 0 a12
(A', B')
(A', B')
a0 a1 b0 b1 演化稳定策略
0.25 0.45 0.25 0.45 (低效投入, 低效投入)
0.25 0.45 0.5 0.7 (低效投入, 高效投入)
0.6 0.8 0.25 0.45 (高效投入, 低效投入)
0.6 0.8 0.5 0.7 搭便车
1.2 1.4 1.1 1.3 (高效投入, 高效投入)
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