Please wait a minute...
New Technology of Library and Information Service  2009, Vol. 3 Issue (1): 64-72    DOI: 10.11925/infotech.1003-3513.2009.01.10
Current Issue | Archive | Adv Search |
Research on Techniques and Systems of Ontology Learning for Semantic Web
Wang HaoLiu JianhuaSu XinningYang Jianlin1
1(Information Management Department of Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093,China)
2(Basis Department of PLA Nanjing Institute of Politics, Nanjing 210003, China)
Download: PDF(868 KB)   HTML  
Export: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      

According to structured degree of data on Web, this paper discusses all kinds of techniques, methods and gettable ontology elements, existing problems in ontology learning, which always used to achieve semantic web. It also introduces and compares existing ontology learning systems which integrate with multi-techniques, and analyzes their adopted key techniques, objects in point and result description.

Key wordsSemantic Web      Ontology learning      Ontology learning technique      Ontology learning system      Structural degree     
Received: 12 October 2008      Published: 25 January 2009


Corresponding Authors: Wang Hao     E-mail:
About author:: Wang Hao,Liu Jianhua,Su Xinning,Yang Jianlin

Cite this article:

Wang Hao,Liu Jianhua,Su Xinning,Yang Jianlin. Research on Techniques and Systems of Ontology Learning for Semantic Web. New Technology of Library and Information Service, 2009, 3(1): 64-72.

URL:     OR

[1] Berners-Lee T. Semantic Web Road Map[EB/OL]. [2008-11-08].
[2] Shamsfard M, Barforoush A A. Learning Ontologies from Natural Language Texts[J].Int’l Journal Human-Computer Studies, 2004, 60(1):17-63.
[3] Xu F Y, Kurz D, Piskorski J,et al. An Domain Adaptive Approach to Automatic Acquisition of Domain Relevant Terms and Their Relations with Bootstrapping[C]. In:Proceeding of the LREC, 2002.
[4] Zhou L N. Ontology Learning: State of the Art and Open Issues[J].Information Technology and Management, 2008, 8(3): 241-252.
[5] 王红滨, 刘大昕, 王念滨,等. 基于非结构化数据的本体学习研究[J].计算机工程与应用, 2008, 44(26):30-33.
[6] Velardi P, Fabriani P, Missikoff M. Using Text Processing Techniques to Automatically Enrich a Domain Ontology[C]. In:Proceeding of the FOIS. New York: ACM Press, 2001: 270-284.
[7] 方卫东, 袁 华, 刘卫红. 基于Web挖掘的领域本体自动学习[J ]. 清华大学学报:自然科学版, 2005, 45(S1): 1729-1733.
[8] Daille B. Study and Implementation of Combined Techniques for Automatic Extraction of Terminology[C]. In:Proceeding of the ACL’94 Workshop,1994.
[9] Hearst M A. Automated Discovery of WordNet Relations[A]// Christiane F. WordNet: An Electronic Lexical Database[M], MIT Press, 1992: 132-152.
[10]Hearst M A. Automatic Acquisition of Hyponyms from Large Text Corpora[C]. In:Bourigault D., ed. Proceeding of the COLING,1999:539-545.
[11]梁 健, 王惠临. 基于文本的本体学习方法研究[J]. 情报理论与实践, 2007(1): 112-115, 17.
[12]Casado Ruiz M, Alfonseca E, Castells P. Automatic Extraction of Semantic Relationships for WordNet by Means of Pattern Learning from Wikipedia[C]. In:Natural Language Processing and Information Systems: 10th International Conference on Applications of Natural Language to Information Systems, NLDB 2005, Alicante, Spain, June 15-17, 2005:67-79.
[13]Maedche A, Staab S. Ontology Learning for the Semantic Web[J].IEEE INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS, 2001, 16(2):72-79.
[14]Agirre E, Ansa O, Hovy E et al. Enriching Very Large Ontologies Using the WWW[C]. In:Proceedings of the Ontology Learning Workshop, ECAI 2000, Berlin, Germany, 2000.
[15]Khan L, Luo F. Ontology Construction for Information Selection[C]. In:Proceeding of 14th IEEE International Conference on Tools with Artificial Intelligence, Washington DC, 2002: 122-127.
[16]Bisson G, Nedellec C, Canamero L. Designing Clustering Methods for Ontology Building - The Mo’K Workbench[C]. In:Proceedings of the ECAI Ontology Learning Workshop, 2000: 13-19.
[17]Faure D, Nedellec C. A Corpus-based Conceptual Clustering Method for Verb Frames and Ontology Acquisition[C]. In:Velardi P. Proceeding of the LREC Workshop on Adapting Lexical and Corpus Resources to Sublanguages and Applications. Granada: LREC, 1998: 5-12.
[18]Maedche A, Staab S. Discovering Conceptual Relations from Text[C]. In:Horn W. Proceeding of the ECAI 2000. Amsterdam: IOS Press, 2000: 321-325.
[19]Weng S S, Tsai H J, Liu S C,et al. Ontology Construction for Information Classification[J].Expert Systems with Applications, 2006, 31(1):1-12.
[20]Cimiano P, Hotho A, Staab S. Learning Concept Hierarchies from Text Corpora Using Formal Concept Analysis[J]. Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research, 2005.
[21]Maddi G R, Velvadapu C S. Ontology Extraction from Text Documents by Singular Value Decomposition[D]. Bowie: Bowie State University, 2001.
[22]Omelayenko B. Learning of Ontologies for the Web: The Analysis of Existent Approaches[C]. In:Proceedings of the International Workshop on Web Dynamics, 2001.
[23]Lin D, Pantel P. DIRT - Discovery Of Inference Rules From Text[C]. In:Proceedings of ACMSIGKDD Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining, 2001: 323-328.
[24]Harris Z. Distributional Structure[A] // Katz J. J. The Philosophy of Linguistics. New York: Oxford University Press, 1985: 26-47.
[25]Dagan I, Glickman O, Magnini B. The Pascal Recognizing Textual Entailment Challenge[C]. In:Proceedings of the PASCAL worksho Pon Recognizing Textual Entailment, Southampton, UK, April 11-13, 2005.
[26]Papatheodorou C, Vassiliou A, Simon B. Discovery of Ontologies for Learning Resources Using Word-based Clustering[A]// ED-MEDIA 2002. Copyright by AACE. Reprinted from the EDMEDIA 2002 Proceedings[C], August 2002 with Permission of AACE, Denver, USA, August, 2002.
[27]Doan A, Domingos P, Levy A. Learning Source Descriptions for Data Integration[C]. In: Proceedings of the Third International Worksho Pon the Web and Databases, 2000:81-86.
[28]Volz R, Oberle D, Staab S. OntoLiFT Prototype[A]// IST Project 2001-33052 WonderWeb Deliverable 11[R]. 2003.
[29]Litkowski K. Models of the Semantic Structure of Dictionaries[J]. Journal of Computational Liguistics, 1978,15(81):25-74.
[30]Hearst M A. Automatic Acquisition of Hyponyms from Large Text Corpora[C]. In: Proceedings of the Fourteenth International Conference on Computational Linguistic, Nantes, France, July 1992.
[31]Rigau G, Rodrigues H, Agirre E. Building Accurate Semantic Taxonomies From Monolingual MRDs[C/OL]. In: Proceeding of the COLING-ACL.San Francisco: Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, 1998:1103-1109.
[32]Jannink J, Wiederhold G. Ontology Maintenance with an Algebraic Methodology: A Case Study[C]. In: Proceedings of AAAI worksho Pon Ontology Management, 1999.
[33]Suryanto H, Compton P. Discovery of Ontologies from Knowledge Bases[C]. In:Gil Y., Musen M., Shavlik J.Proceedings of the First International Conference on Knowledge Capture, British Columbia Canada, 21-23 Oct. 2001, New York: The Association for Computing Machinery, 2001: 171-178.
[34]Johannesson P. A Method for Transforming Relational Schemas into Conceptual Schemas[C]. In:10th International Conference on Data Engineering, Ed. M. Rusinkiewicz, Houston: IEEE Press, 1994: 115-122.
[35]Stojanovic L, Stojanovic N, Volz R.Migrating Data-intensive Web Sites into the Semantic Web[C]. In:Proceedings of the 17th ACM Symposium on Applied Computing (SAC), ACM Press, 2002: 1100-1107.
[36]Kashya PV. Design and Creation of Ontologies for Environmental Information Retrieval[C]. Twelfth Worksho Pon Knowledge Acquisition, Modelling and Management Voyager Inn, Banff, Alberta, Canada. October, 1999.
[37]Astrova I. Reverse Engineering of Relational Database to Ontologies[C]. In:Proceeding of the ESWC 2004. Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag, 2004: 327-341.
[38]Astrova I, Stantic B. An HTML-Forms-Driven Approach to Reverse Engineering of Relational Databases to Ontologies[C]. In:Proceeding of the 23rd IASTED International Conference on Databases and Applications(DBA), Innsbruck, Austria, 2005: 246- 251.
[39]余 霞, 刘 强, 叶 丹. 基于规则的关系数据库到本体的转换方法[J].计算机应用研究, 2008(3): 767-770, 785.
[40]Cimiano P, Volker J. Text2onto – A Framework for Ontology Learning and Data-driven Change Discovery[C]. In:Proceeding of NLDB 2005, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 3513, Springer, Alicante, 2005: 227-238.
[41]Maedche A, Staab S. Ontology Learning from Text[C]. NLDB 2000: 364.
[42]Missikoff M, Navigli R, Velardi P. Integrated Approach to Web Ontology Learning and Engineering[J].IEEE Computer, 2002, 35(11):60-63.
[43]Roberto N, Paola V. Learning Domain Ontologies from Document Warehouses and Dedicated Web Sites[J].Computational Linguistics, 2004, 30(2):151-179.
[44]Gal A, Modica G, Jamil H M, et al. Automatic Ontology Matching Using Application Semantics[J].AI Magazine, 26(1), 2005.
[45]Roitman H, Gal A. OntoBuilder: Fully Automatic Extraction and Consolidation of Ontologies from Web Sources Using Sequence Semantics[C]. ICSNW’06, 2006: 573-576.
[46]刘柏嵩. 基于Web的通用本体学习研究[D]. 杭州:浙江大学, 2007(1).
[47]杜小勇, 李 曼, 王 珊. 本体学习研究综述[J]. 软件学报, 2006, 17(9), 1837-1847.
[48]张囡囡, 李冠宇, 曲丽宁. 主要本体学习工具的比较分析[J]. 微计算机信息, 2008(12): 189-190, 182.
[49]Mikheev A, Finch S. A Workbench for Finding Structure in Texts[C]. In:Proceedings of ANLP-97 (Washington D.C.). ACL March, 1997: 8.
[50]Faure D, Nédelle c(C). Knowledge Acquisition of Predicate Argument Structures from Technical Texts Using Machine Learning: The System ASIUM[C]. In:Fensel(D) and Studer R. editors, Proceeding of the 11th European Workshop (EKAW’99), LNAI 1621, 1999: 329-334.
[51]Alfonseca E, Rodríguez P. Automatically Generating Hypermedia Documents Depending on User Goals[R], Workshop on Document Compression and Synthesis in Adaptive Hypermedia Systems, AH-2002, Málaga, Spain, 2002.
[52]Manzano D, Gómez - Pérez A, Borrajo D. HOLA : A Hybrid Ontology Learning Architecture[A] //The 15th International Conference on Knowledge Engineering and Knowledge Management[C], Podebrady, 2006.
[53]Fortuna B, Grobelnik M, Mladenic D. OntoGen: Semi-automatic Ontology[A]// Smith M J, Salvendy G(Eds.). Human Interface[C], Part II, HCII 2007, LNCS 4558, 2007:309-318.
[54]Gacitua R, Sawyer P, Rayson P. A Flexible Framework to Experiment with Ontology Learning Techniques[J].Knowledge-Based Systems, 2008, 21(3): 192-199.
[55]Gómez-Pérez A, Manzano-Macho D. A Survey of Ontology Learning Methods and Techniques[A]// OntoWeb: Ontology-based Information Exchange for Knowledge Management and Electronic Commerce[R], IST Project IST-2000-29243, 2003:63-65.
[56]孔敬. 本体学习:原理、方法与相关进展[J]. 情报学报, 2006(6): 657-665.
[57]WU Sh H, HSU W L. SOAT: A Semi-automatic Domain Ontology Acquisition Tool from Chinese Corpus[C]. In:Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Computational Linguistics(COLING 2002), Taipei, 2002: 1313-1317.

[1] Huihui Tang,Hao Wang,Zixuan Zhang,Xueying Wang. Extracting Names of Historical Events Based on Chinese Character Tags[J]. 数据分析与知识发现, 2018, 2(7): 89-100.
[2] Hui Zhu,Jianlin Yang,Hao Wang. Study on Construction of Domain Terminology Taxonomic Relation[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2016, 32(1): 73-80.
[3] Liu Wei, Xia Cuijuan, Zhang Chunjing. Big Data and Linked Data: The Emerging Data Technology for the Future of Librarianship[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2013, (4): 2-9.
[4] Zhu Wenjing, Xia Cuijuan, Liu Wei. Analysis of SILK Linkage Discovery Framework[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2013, (4): 18-24.
[5] Tian Ye, Zhu Zhongming, Liu Shudong. Review of Recommendation System Based on Linked Data[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2013, 29(10): 1-7.
[6] Gu Jun, Xu Xin. Study on Ontology Relation Extraction in Chinese Patent Documents[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2013, 29(10): 73-78.
[7] Niu Yazhen, Zhu Zhongming. Overview about the Methods of Cross-system User Modeling for Personalization Service[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2012, 28(5): 1-6.
[8] Niu Yazhen, Zhu Zhongming. A Linked Data-driven Semantic User Modeling Framework for Personalization Service[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2012, (10): 1-7.
[9] Liu Ping, Hu Yuehong. Review on Ontology Learning Methods and Techniques[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2012, 28(1): 19-26.
[10] Wang Sili, Ma Jianxia, Zhu Zhongming, Zhang Xiuxiu, Ma Jianling. Study on the Linked Method of the Integrated Resources in Semantic Web Patterns[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2011, 27(6): 32-38.
[11] Shen Zhihong, Zhang Xiaolin. Data Provenance Model in Semantic Web Environment: An Overview[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2011, 27(4): 1-8.
[12] Chao Lemen, Zhang Yong, Xing Chunxiao. DBpedia and Its Typical Applications[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2011, 27(3): 80-87.
[13] Li Yazi, Qian Qing, Liu Zheng, Fang An, Hong Na, Wang Junhui. A Novel Framework Research on Integrating Disease Knowledge[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2011, 27(2): 34-41.
[14] Tao Jun, Sun Tan. Analysis of Framework for RDF Linkage Based on Linked Data[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2011, 27(12): 1-8.
[15] Li Jun. Research on Semantic Database Freebase[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2011, 27(10): 18-23.
  Copyright © 2016 Data Analysis and Knowledge Discovery   Tel/Fax:(010)82626611-6626,82624938