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    The Conundrum of Sharing Research Data
    Christine L. Borgman
    2013, (5): 1-20.  DOI: 10.11925/infotech.1003-3513.2013.05.01
    Abstract   HTML   PDF (824KB) ( 439 )

    Researchers are producing an unprecedented deluge of data by using new methods and instrumentation. Others may wish to mine these data for new discoveries and innovations. However, research data are not readily available as sharing is common in only a few fields such as astronomy and genomics.Data sharing practices in other fields vary widely. Moreover,research data take many forms, are handled in many ways, using many approaches, and often are difficult to interpret once removed from their initial context. Data sharing is thus a conundrum. Four rationales for sharing data are examined, drawing examples from the sciences, social sciences, and humanities: (1) to reproduce or to verify research, (2) to make results of publicly funded research available to the public, (3) to enable others to ask new questions of extant data, and (4) to advance the state of research and innovation. These rationales differ by the arguments for sharing, by beneficiaries, and by the motivations and incentives of the many stakeholders involved. The challenges are to understand which data might be shared, by whom, with whom, under what conditions, why, and to what effects. Answers will inform data policy and practice.

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    Research on the Open Research Data
    Huang Yongwen, Zhang Jianyong, Huang Jinxia, Wang Fang
    2013, (5): 21-27.  DOI: 10.11925/infotech.1003-3513.2013.05.02
    Abstract   HTML   PDF (506KB) ( 504 )
    The paper introduces the definition and policy of open research data, analyzes research data citation and three major data repositories, and summaries four types discovery service of open research data. Finally, it presents library could work on training service, storage and management service of research data, and discovery and reuse service of open research data.
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    The Creation and Publishing of Middle Linked Data in Digital Library
    Wang Zhongyi, Xia Lixin, Shi Yijin, Zheng Senmao
    2013, (5): 28-33.  DOI: 10.11925/infotech.1003-3513.2013.05.03
    Abstract   HTML   PDF (1266KB) ( 323 )
    In order to create and publish middle linked data of catalog data on the digital library resources, this paper, based on researches on the current creation and publishing methods, firstly structuralizes catalog data using technologies of automatic indexing and subject headings mapping, then mines relationships by analyzing catalog system and using the text mapping technology, at last, achieves the purpose of the creation and publishing of Middle Linked Data of digital libraries’ resources by D2R.
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    A Feature Selection Based on Consideration of Multiple Factors
    Lu Yonghe, Li Yanfeng
    2013, (5): 34-39.  DOI: 10.11925/infotech.1003-3513.2013.05.04
    Abstract   HTML   PDF (728KB) ( 330 )
    In the process of feature selection, term’s weight determines whether the term can be a feature. But the weight is affected by many factors, the main factors are term’s importance, characteristics and representative. With the consideration of those factors, a new function TW (Term Weight) based on the importance of the feature and the ability of category distinguishing, is brought to be an improved method to select features. After that, experiments on the comparison between term’s CHI, IG and TW validate that TW can increase the weight of special features in a class and can decrease the weight of unimportant features. Finally, the validity of the new algorithm in feature selection is proved by the classification experiments on Chinese classification corpus by three classifiers.
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    Recommended Method for Cross-language Term Synonymous Relationship and Its Empirical Research
    Song Peiyan, Li Jingjing, Zhao Xing
    2013, (5): 40-45.  DOI: 10.11925/infotech.1003-3513.2013.05.05
    Abstract   HTML   PDF (613KB) ( 356 )
    Synonym of terminology is a basic type of relationships between terms. Based on the English-Chinese alignment dictionary, this paper proposes recommended method of term synonyms, deriving of Chinese and English translation in pairs, and optimizes synonyms results by weighted optimization measure. The experiments indicate that both the accuracy and efficiency of synonym recognition are improved by the method, which is beneficial to the construction of knowledge organization systems, encyclopedias and information retrieval.
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    A Visualization and Recognition Method of Readers’ Interests with the Analysis of the Characteristics of Borrowing Time
    Li Shuqing, Wang Jianqiang
    2013, (5): 46-53.  DOI: 10.11925/infotech.1003-3513.2013.05.06
    Abstract   HTML   PDF (711KB) ( 332 )
    The recognition of the characteristics of users’ personalized interests can be enhanced by utilizing of the information in the users’ accessing time. This paper proposes a method of constructing readers’ personalized profiles with the timing information of readers’ borrowing records in book recommendation service of library. This paper begins with the introduction of three extended time indexes based on the analysis of the characteristics of readers’ borrowing time, meantime, it also discusses the recognition of the degree of readers’ interests, and the visualization of timing evolution trend of readers’ interests. Finally, some related experiments that show the performance improvements are reported.
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    Research of Books Recommendation of Borrow Preference Uncertainty in University Readers Based on Cloud Model and Multi-feature
    Li Kechao, Lan Dongmei, Ling Xiaoe
    2013, (5): 54-58.  DOI: 10.11925/infotech.1003-3513.2013.05.07
    Abstract   HTML   PDF (546KB) ( 299 )
    The paper, taking advantages of cloud model in expressing uncertainty of fuzziness and randomness in nature, proposes that there are uncertainties in cloud model and readers’ multi-featured books preference.The paper computes the weighted similarity of readers’ majors, genders and grades,uses the backward cloud algorithm to compute readers’ preference of borrow-return time interval that is expressed in cloud expectation, entropy and hyper entropy,and then computes the readers’ cloud similarity. Combining multi-featured similarity of readers with cloud similarity,the paper finally recommends books to readers with copied ones and proves the validity of the algorithm by experiments.
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    Building the Future-oriented Technology Thesaurus of Technology Roadmap
    Ye Chunlei, Leng Fuhai
    2013, (5): 59-63.  DOI: 10.11925/infotech.1003-3513.2013.05.08
    Abstract   HTML   PDF (487KB) ( 271 )
    The paper proposes a triple co-occurrence algorithm to construct the future-oriented technology thesaurus of technology roadmap based on text mining combining the method of scientometrics and natural language processing, which reveals the future-oriented technology development direction and level characteristics of special technical field and achieves preliminarily the target of future-oriented technology analysis of technology roadmap. The experiment shows that this method can support the future-oriented technology analysis of technology roadmapping to some extent.
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    Study on Network Evolution and Knowledge Dissemination of Scientific Collaboration Network in the Field of Complex Networks
    Li Shengqing, Cai Guoyong
    2013, (5): 64-72.  DOI: 10.11925/infotech.1003-3513.2013.05.09
    Abstract   HTML   PDF (736KB) ( 440 )
    Taking the research field about “complex network” during 1975 and 2012 as an example, this article explains the characteristics of network evolution and knowledge transmission from static characteristics, topological characteristics and dynamic evolution characteristics of the four developing stages of scientific collaboration network. The simulation results demonstrate that the speed of the dissemination of knowledge is influenced by individual innovation ability obviously when knowledge transmission rate is constant and that the speed of the dissemination of knowledge is influenced by the knowledge transmission rate slightly when individual innovation capability is constant.
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    Perception of Implementation Intention Law on Micro-blog Public Opinion: A Comparative Experimental Study
    Wang Lin, Zhao Yang, Shi Kan
    2013, (5): 73-79.  DOI: 10.11925/infotech.1003-3513.2013.05.10
    Abstract   HTML   PDF (1080KB) ( 424 )
    Based on the network collective behavior on micro-blog public opinion, laws and perception of implementation intentions have become a hotspot for early warning and public opinion research. Therefore, the purpose of this study through three online micro-blog experiments is to explore the laws of collective behavior on micro-blog public opinion from the topic heat and trend, emotional heat, social semantic networks and micro-blog influence. The results indicate that firstly implementation intentions of the micro-blog collective behavior are affected by the topic heat and trend, emotional heat, network centrality, the number of fans, number of attention and original; secondly implementation intention of value-orient, safe-orient and control-orient exhibited significant are differences in topic trend, emotion changes, micro-blog influence, social semantic networks etc. Therefore, the results of the experimental study have certain implications to make guide strategy for micro-blog hot events, and it may provide practical guidelines for strengthening social management and crisis response.
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    Realization of Technology/Effect Maps Generating Based on Subject Automatic Indexing
    Wang Li, Zhang Dongrong, Zhang Xiaohui, Yang Xiaowei, Wu Ming
    2013, (5): 80-86.  DOI: 10.11925/infotech.1003-3513.2013.05.11
    Abstract   HTML   PDF (1791KB) ( 406 )
    This paper studies a method of deep patent analysis and realizes this method through automation tool, namely Patent-TEM. This tool can mark key technology words automatically for every patent, finish the patent technology/effect maps based on subject indexing and extract patent text for need. Patent-TEM saves time cost on patent technology/effect maps analysis. This paper gives the practices in CMOS process with this tool, and points out the research direction for the future.
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    The Research and Implementation of Online Reservation System of the Study Room
    Shen Kuilin, Zhao Hua, Shao Bo
    2013, (5): 87-91.  DOI: 10.11925/infotech.1003-3513.2013.05.12
    Abstract   HTML   PDF (1225KB) ( 387 )
    This paper analyses the current situation of management and application of study room in information commons offered by some library in domestic and foreign,points out the shortcomings of the current manual borrow way and the advantages of online reservation.The demands is proposed to build online reservation system of study room. This paper proposes the solution of using online booking system, scene reservation system and mobile app of study room based on the support of the library self-service platform.Based on the study room reservation system of Nanjing University Library,it illustrates the application process and the practice effect.
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    Programming Assisted Tools for Library’s Microblog
    Zhu Yuqiang
    2013, (5): 92-92.  DOI: 10.11925/infotech.1003-3513.2013.05.13
    Abstract   HTML   PDF (1033KB) ( 369 )
    The administrator of library’s microblog cannot guarantee the 24-hour management. Based on Sina microblog, this paper designs an assisted tool which can timely post messages extracted from information libraries and can reply to the questions by extracting answers from knowledge bases, by ways of reading web documents, segmenting Chinese words and operating PC client of Sina microblog. The application example shows that the program can help managing microblog, especially when the administrator is offline.
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