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数据分析与知识发现  2019, Vol. 3 Issue (5): 41-50     https://doi.org/10.11925/infotech.2096-3467.2018.1222
  综述评介 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
用于科技评价的挪威模型方法与应用综述*
刘强,陈云伟,张志强
中国科学院成都文献情报中心 成都 610041
中国科学院大学经济与管理学院图书情报与档案管理系 北京 100190
Methods and Applications of Norwegian Model for Science and Technology Evaluation
Qiang Liu,Yunwei Chen,Zhiqiang Zhang
Chengdu Library and Information Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China
Department of Library, Information and Archives Management, School of Economics and Management, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
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摘要 

【目的】对挪威模型进行系统而全面的介绍, 为中国相关评价工作的开展提供参考。【方法】通过案例研究, 介绍挪威模型的实施方式、除挪威以外其他国家使用该模型的效果和经验、挪威模型在多层面多学科领域的应用效果、挪威模型与其他两种文献计量指标的比较。【结果】挪威模型作为一个与其他国家不同的基于绩效的资助系统, 在包括挪威在内的6个欧洲国家得到不同程度的应用, 在不同程度上促进了科研人员的成果产出。【局限】挪威模型的应用及模型本身都在不断地发展, 同时也受限于能够获取到的资料, 暂时无法论述挪威模型的未来发展。【结论】挪威模型在科技评价上具有一定价值, 其思想值得借鉴, 但具体如何应用于中国尚需进一步的探讨。

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刘强
陈云伟
张志强
关键词 挪威模型成果得分文献计量研究资助    
Abstract

[Objective] This paper provides a comprehensive introduction to the Norwegian Model, aiming to promote the development of science and technology evaluation in China. [Methods] With case studies, this paper first discussed the implementation of the Norwegian Model, and the successful stories from regions outside of Norway. Then we explored the application of the Norwegian Model at various levels and subjects. Finally, we compared the Norwegian Model with two classic bibliometric measures. [Results] Six European countries used the Norwegian Model, a performance-based research funding system (PRFS), to promote their scientific publications. [Limitations] The Norwegian Model and its applications have been evolving, therefore, we are not able to discuss their future trends. [Conclusions] The Norwegian Model has some value in science and technology evaluation. More research is needed to explore its applications in China.

Key wordsNorwegian Model    Publication Points    Bibliometric    Research Funding
收稿日期: 2018-11-04      出版日期: 2019-07-03
基金资助:*本文系中国科学院战略研究与决策支持系统建设专项项目“重要科技领域与科研机构规划理论方法与应用研究”(项目编号: GHJ-ZLZX-2017-31)和中国科学院战略研究与决策支持系统建设专项项目“主要领域规划状态监测与分析”(项目编号: GHJ-ZLZX-2019-31)的研究成果之一
引用本文:   
刘强,陈云伟,张志强. 用于科技评价的挪威模型方法与应用综述*[J]. 数据分析与知识发现, 2019, 3(5): 41-50.
Qiang Liu,Yunwei Chen,Zhiqiang Zhang. Methods and Applications of Norwegian Model for Science and Technology Evaluation. Data Analysis and Knowledge Discovery, 2019, 3(5): 41-50.
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https://manu44.magtech.com.cn/Jwk_infotech_wk3/CN/10.11925/infotech.2096-3467.2018.1222      或      https://manu44.magtech.com.cn/Jwk_infotech_wk3/CN/Y2019/V3/I5/41
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