Please wait a minute...
New Technology of Library and Information Service  2009, Vol. 3 Issue (2): 56-61    DOI: 10.11925/infotech.1003-3513.2009.02.10
Current Issue | Archive | Adv Search |
An Empirical Analysis of Web Directory Searching Interface Based on Cognitive Styles
Ke Qing   Sun Jianjun   Cheng Ying
(Department of Information Management,Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093,China)
Export: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      

Some searching interface design principles based on cognitive style models are provided. Selecting Google as testing object, the paper analyzes styles of searching interface, organization of main categories and sub catecories, listing of hit Webs, presentation of searching results and showing of relevant categories. Some improvements are also provided for Google interface.

Key wordsCognitive styles      Human-computer interface      Directory searching      Google     
Received: 30 October 2008      Published: 25 February 2009


Corresponding Authors: Ke Qing     E-mail:
About author:: Ke Qing,Sun Jianjun,Cheng Ying

Cite this article:

Ke Qing,Sun Jianjun,Cheng Ying. An Empirical Analysis of Web Directory Searching Interface Based on Cognitive Styles. New Technology of Library and Information Service, 2009, 3(2): 56-61.

URL:     OR

[1] Allport G W. Personality:A Psychological Interpretation[M]. New York : Henry Holt & Co, 1937:452-454.
[2] Tennant M. Psychology and Adult Learning[M]. London: Rontledge,1988: 100.
[3] Harrison A W, Rainer R K. The Influence of Individual Differences on Skill in End-user Computing[J]. Journal of Management Information Systems. 1992,9(2):93-111.
[4] 李浩然,刘海燕. 认知风格结构模型的发展[J].心理学动态,2000,8(3):43.
[5] Riding R J, Cheema I. Cognitive Styles-An Overview and Integration[J].Educational Psychology, 1991(11): 193-215.
[6] Witkin H A, Moore C A, Goodenough D R, et al. Field Dependent and Field Independent Cognitive Style and Their Educational Implications[J]. Review of Educational Research, 1977,47(1) :1-64.
[7] Goodenough D R.The Role of Individual Differences in Field Dependence as a Factor in Learning and Memory[J].Psychological Bulletin,1976,83(4): 675 – 694.
[8] Witkin H D, Goodenough. Field-dependence and Interpersonal Behavior[J].Psychological Bulletin, 1977, 84(4): 661- 689.
[9] Peterson E R,Austin E J. The Reliability of Riding’s Cognitive Style Analysis test[J].Personality and Individual difference,2002,34(6):881-891.
[10] Palmquist R A, Kim  K S. Cognitive Style and On-line Database Search Experience as Predictors of Web Search Performance[J].Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 2000,51(6):558-566.
[11] Ford N, Chen S Y. Matching/Mismatching Revisited: An Empirical Study of Learning and Teaching Styles[J].British Journal of Educational Technology, 2001,32(1):5–22.
[12] Chen S Y, Macredie R D. Cognitive Styles and Hypermedia Navigation: Development of a Learning Model[J].Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology,2002, 53(1): 3-15.
[13] Chen S Y,George D M ,Dimakopoulos D. A Flexible Interface Design for Web Directories to Accommodate Different Cognitve Styles[J].Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology,2005,56(1):70-83.

[1] Huang Yong. Design and Implementation of GIS Applications for Overseas Chinese Students Database[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2012, 28(5): 91-95.
[2] YE Hongwei. Implementation of Book Preview Service in Web OPAC Based on Google Book Search API[J]. 数据分析与知识发现, 2010, 26(9): 90-93.
[3] Zhou Hong. Customizing Personalization Library Toolbar by Google Toolbar[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2009, 25(6): 66-69.
[4] Wu Denglu ,Zhu Zhongming,Ma Jianxia,Han Ke. Design and Implementation of Embedded Retrieval Service for DSpace Repository System[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2008, 24(10): 69-74.
[5] Mao Jun . Mashup of Library and Search Engine on Information Service[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2006, 1(9): 2-7.
[6] Mao Li . Mashup of Academic Database and Search Engine on Information Service[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2006, 1(9): 13-17.
[7] Zhang Jian,Ou Hong. Extracting the Content of Google Web Page with Regular Expressions[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2005, 21(9): 50-53.
[8] Wang Xianglian. Comparatives of Two Search Engines: Google and Baidu[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2004, 20(8): 52-55.
[9] Chang Chun. Using Skill of Search Engine Google[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2004, 20(6): 53-55.
[10] Li Aiguo,Wang Shejiao. Information Retrieval Visualization[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2004, 20(2): 50-52.
[11] Xu Tao,Wu Shuyan. Introduction of Google and Its Technologies[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2003, 19(4): 58-61.
[12] Zhu Junqing. A Study on the Search Engine of Google[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2002, 18(1): 45-47.
  Copyright © 2016 Data Analysis and Knowledge Discovery   Tel/Fax:(010)82626611-6626,82624938