Please wait a minute...
New Technology of Library and Information Service  2015, Vol. 31 Issue (5): 8-14    DOI: 10.11925/infotech.1003-3513.2015.05.02
Current Issue | Archive | Adv Search |
Introduction of Construction Mechanism of New Contributor Identifier System ORCID
Bai Haiyan, Liu Yao, Guo Xiaofeng
Institute of Scientific & Technical Information of China, Beijing 100038, China
Export: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      

[Objective] Provide evidence for the choice and application of contributor identifier system from the view of construction mechanism of Open Researcher & Contributor ID (ORCID) system. [Methods] Analyze ORCID system from three aspects, namely construction model, claim/authentication pattern and metadata specification, and compare with other contributor identifier systems based on documents and cases. [Results] Obtain ORCID's construction mechanism and characteristics. [Conclusions] ORCID is bottom-up and jointly constructed driven by users. ORCID mixes different types of claims and authentications and disambiguates based on authority and trust degree. ORCID's metadata control improves degree of authority through identifiers linkage and resolving.

Key wordsORCID      Contributor identifier      Author name specification     
Received: 08 October 2014      Published: 11 June 2015
:  G250.7  

Cite this article:

Bai Haiyan, Liu Yao, Guo Xiaofeng. Introduction of Construction Mechanism of New Contributor Identifier System ORCID. New Technology of Library and Information Service, 2015, 31(5): 8-14.

URL:     OR

[1] Torvik V I, Smalheiser N R. Author Name Disambiguation in MEDLINE [J]. ACM Transactions on Knowledge Discovery from Data, 2009, 3(3): Article No. 11. [2014-08-15]. http://dl.
[2] Nature. Credit Where Credit is Due [J/OL]. Nature, 2009, 462(825). doi:10.1038/462825a. [2014-08-15]. http://www.
[3] ORCID [EB/OL]. [2015-03-05].
[4] 富平, 刘小玲. 中文书目规范控制的理论与实践[M]. 北京: 北京图书馆出版社, 2007. (Fu Ping, Liu Xiaoling. Theory and Practice of Authority Control on Chinese Bibliography [M]. Beijing: Beijing Library Press, 2007.)
[5] 刘炜, 张春景. 试论网络资源的规范控制[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2008(12): 27-31. (Liu Wei, Zhang Chunjing. Authority Control of Web Resources [J]. New Technology of Library and Information Service, 2008(12): 27-31.)
[6] Qiu J. Scientific Publishing: Identity Crisis [J]. Nature, 2008, 451(7180): 766-767.
[7] Aerts R. Digital Identifiers Work for Articles, So Why not for Authors? [J]. Nature, 2008, 453(7198): 979.
[8] Lane J. Let's Make Science Metrics More Scientific [J]. Nature, 2010, 464(7288): 488-489.
[9] Enserink M. Are You Ready to Become a Number [J]. Science, 2009, 323(5922): 1662-1664.
[10] Fenner M. Author Identifier Overview [EB/OL]. [2014-08-15].
[11] 陈辰, 宋文. 责任者唯一标识符构建及其面临的主要问题[J]. 图书馆论坛, 2013, 33(2): 125-129, 151. (Chen Chen, Song Wen. Construction of Contributor Identifiers and Its Major Problems [J]. Library Tribune, 2013, 33(2): 125-129, 151.)
[12] 陈金星, 祝忠明. 责任者名称规范控制研究及进展[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2009(12): 12-17. (Chen Jinxing, Zhu Zhongming. Research Progress of the Name Authority Control for the Contributor [J]. New Technology of Library and Information Service, 2009(12): 12-17. )
[13] 陈金星, 祝忠明, 刘玉婷, 等. 责任者唯一标识符应用研究[J]. 情报杂志, 2010, 29(12): 134-140. (Chen Jinxing, Zhu Zhongming, Liu Yuting, et al. Study on the Applications of Contributor Identifiers [J]. Journal of Intelligence, 2010, 29(12): 134-140.)
[14] 刘润达, 王运红. 开放研究人员及贡献者唯一标识(ORCID)概述[J]. 情报科学, 2013, 31(11): 86-90. (Liu Runda, Wang Yunhong. An Overview of Open Researcher & Contributor ID [J]. Information Science, 2013, 31(11): 86-90.)
[15] Author-identification [EB/OL]. [2014-12-19]. https://repinf.
[16] OCLC. VIAF® Virtual International Authority File [EB/OL]. [2014-08-15].
[17] International Standard Name Identifier (ISO 27729) [EB/OL]. [2014-08-15].
[18] 窦天芳, 张成昱, 张蓓, 等. ResearcherID现状分析及应用启发[J]. 图书情报工作, 2014, 58(4): 40-45. (Dou Tianfang, Zhang Chengyu, Zhang Bei, et al. The Inspiration and the Status Analysis on ResearcherID [J]. Library and Information Service, 2014, 58(4): 40-45.)
[19] ORCID. Ten Things You Need to Know [EB/OL]. [2014-12-19].
[20] 汤森路透通过整合ORCID注册系统, 帮助研究人员与其相关领域的研究建立连接 [EB/OL]. [2014-08-15]. http://www. (Thomson Reuters Helps Researchers Build Linkage with Related Field Based on Integration with ORCID Register System [EB/OL]. [2014-08-15]. 20121204.)
[21] Rodgers R. ORCID: Open Researcher and Contributor ID: An Open Registry of Scholarly IDs [EB/OL]. [2014-11-15].
[22] JISC Researcher Identifier Task and Finish Group. Researcher Identifier Recommendations [EB/OL]. [2014-12-19]. http://
[23] De Castro P, Warner S. ORCID Implementation in Open Access Repositories and Institutional Research Information Management Systems [EB/OL]. [2014-12-19]. http://or2013. net/sites/
[24] ORCID. What is ORCID? [EB/OL]. [2014-08-15]. https://
[25] ORCID. Integration Chart [EB/OL]. [2014-11-15]. http://
[26] ORCID. The ORCID API [EB/OL]. [2014-12-19]. http://orcid. org/organizations/integrators/API.
[27] Bilder G. CrossRef Contributor ID [EB/OL]. [2014-08-15].
[28] Thorisson G A. Federated Identity and Scholarly Identity-A Match Made in Heaven? [EB/OL]. [2014-08-15]. https://tnc
[29] Bilder G. Disambiguation Without De-duplication: Modeling Authority and Trust in the ORCID System [EB/OL]. [2014-08-15].
[30] 互动百科. 社交网络[EB/OL]. [2014-12-19]. http://www.baike. com/wiki/社交网络. ( Social Network [EB/OL]. [2014-12-19].社交网络.)
[31] 科研社交网络与众包平台研究报告[EB/OL]. [2014-08-15]. (Study on Social Net-working Services and Crowdsourcing Platform for Science [EB/OL]. [2014-08-15].
[32] 周义刚. 学术社交网络:改变我们的科研方式[J]. 中国教育网络, 2014(2): 97-98. (Zhou Yigang. Academic Social Networking Services: Changing Our Research Way [J]. China Education Network, 2014(2): 97-98.)
[33] ORCID. I Registered for My ORCID ID [EB/OL]. [2014-08-15].
[34] ISNIs for Libraries [EB/OL]. [2014-08-15]. http://www.isni. org.
[35] Recommendation of ORCID Works Metadata Working Group [EB/OL]. [2014-08-15]. orcid-works-metadata-working-group-recommendations.
[36] 何巍. 由著作者身份识别系统引发的思考[J]. 科技导报, 2010, 28(9): 120. (He Wei. Thinking about Author's Identity Recognition System [J]. Science & Technology Review, 2010, 28(9): 120.)

[1] Bai Haiyan. Introduction of Integration Between ORCID and Institutional Repository[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2015, 31(3): 8-17.
[2] Zhang Jianyong, Huang Yongwen, Yu Qianqian, Dong Zhipeng, Guo Shu. Design and Implementation of ORCID China Service ‘iAuthor’[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2015, 31(3): 84-91.
  Copyright © 2016 Data Analysis and Knowledge Discovery   Tel/Fax:(010)82626611-6626,82624938