Please wait a minute...
Data Analysis and Knowledge Discovery  2019, Vol. 3 Issue (5): 41-50    DOI: 10.11925/infotech.2096-3467.2018.1222
Current Issue | Archive | Adv Search |
Methods and Applications of Norwegian Model for Science and Technology Evaluation
Qiang Liu,Yunwei Chen,Zhiqiang Zhang
Chengdu Library and Information Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China
Department of Library, Information and Archives Management, School of Economics and Management, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
Download: PDF (1227 KB)   HTML ( 4
Export: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      

[Objective] This paper provides a comprehensive introduction to the Norwegian Model, aiming to promote the development of science and technology evaluation in China. [Methods] With case studies, this paper first discussed the implementation of the Norwegian Model, and the successful stories from regions outside of Norway. Then we explored the application of the Norwegian Model at various levels and subjects. Finally, we compared the Norwegian Model with two classic bibliometric measures. [Results] Six European countries used the Norwegian Model, a performance-based research funding system (PRFS), to promote their scientific publications. [Limitations] The Norwegian Model and its applications have been evolving, therefore, we are not able to discuss their future trends. [Conclusions] The Norwegian Model has some value in science and technology evaluation. More research is needed to explore its applications in China.

Key wordsNorwegian Model      Publication Points      Bibliometric      Research Funding     
Received: 04 November 2018      Published: 03 July 2019

Cite this article:

Qiang Liu,Yunwei Chen,Zhiqiang Zhang. Methods and Applications of Norwegian Model for Science and Technology Evaluation. Data Analysis and Knowledge Discovery, 2019, 3(5): 41-50.

URL:     OR

[1] Sivertsen G.A Bibliometric Model for Performance Based Budgeting of Research Institutions[C]// Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Science and Technology Indicators. 2006: 133-135.
[2] Sivertsen G.Experiences with a Bibliometric Model for Performance Based Funding of Research Institutions[C]// Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Science and Technology Indicators. 2008: 126-128.
[3] Schneider J W.An Outline of the Bibliometric Indicator Used for Performance-Based Funding of Research Institutions in Norway[J]. European Political Science, 2009, 8(3): 364-378.
[4] Sivertsen G.Den Norske Modellen[J]. Forskningspolitikk, 2008(1): 14-15.
[5] Sivertsen G.A Performance Indicator Based on Complete Data for the Scientific Publication Output at Research Institutions[J]. ISSI Newsletter, 2010, 6(1): 22-28.
[6] Aagaard K, Bloch C W, Schneider J W, et al.Evaluation of the Norwegian Publication Indicator[R]. Oslo: Norwegian Association of Higher Education Institutions, 2014.
[7] Aagaard K.How Incentives Trickle Down: Local Use of a National Bibliometric Indicator System[J]. Science & Public Policy, 2015, 42(5): 725-737.
[8] Aagaard K, Bloch C W, Schneider J W.Impacts of Performance-Based Research Funding Systems: The Case of the Norwegian Publication Indicator[J]. Research Evaluation, 2015, 24(2): 106-117.
[9] Bloch C W, Schneider J W.Performance-Based Funding Models and Researcher Behavior: An Analysis of the Influence of the Norwegian Publication Indicator at the Individual Level[J]. Research Evaluation, 2016, 25(4): 371-382.
[10] Piro F N, Aksnes D W, R?rstad K.A Macro Analysis of Productivity Differences Across Fields: Challenges in the Measurement of Scientific Publishing[J]. Journal of the American Society for Information Science & Technology, 2013, 64(2): 307-320.
[11] Abramo G, Cicero T, D’Angelo C A. Individual Research Performance: A Proposal for Comparing Apples to Oranges[J]. Journal of Informetrics, 2013, 7(2): 528-539.
[12] Lee S, Bozeman B.The Impact of Research Collaboration on Scientific Productivity[J]. Social Studies of Science, 2005, 35(5): 673-702.
[13] Hu Z, Chen C, Liu Z.How are Collaboration and Productivity Correlated at Various Career Stages of Scientists?[J]. Scientometrics, 2014, 101(2): 1553-1564.
[14] Cummings J N, Kiesler S.Coordination Costs and Project Outcomes in Multi-University Collaborations[J]. Research Policy, 2007, 36(10): 1620-1634.
[15] Butler L.What Happens When Funding is Linked to Publication Counts? [A]// Moed H F, Gl?nzel W, Schmoch U. Handbook of Quantitative Science and Technology Research[M]. Springer Netherlands, 2004: 389-405.
[16] Schneider J W, Aagaard K, Bloch C W.What Happens When National Research Funding is Linked to Differentiated Publication Counts? A Comparison of the Australian and Norwegian Publication-Based Funding Models[J]. Research Evaluation, 2016, 25(3): 244-256.
[17] Sivertsen G.Publication-Based Funding: The Norwegian Model[A]// Ochsner M, Hug S E, Daniel H D. Research Assessment in the Humanities[M]. Springer International Publishing, 2016: 79-90.
[18] Engels T C E, Ossenblok T L B, Spruyt E H J. Changing Publication Patterns in the Social Sciences and Humanities, 2000-2009[J]. Scientometrics, 2012, 93(2): 373-390.
[19] Technopolis Group.Evaluation of the Flemish Academic Bibliographic Database for the Social Sciences and Humanities (VABB-SHW)[R]. Technopolis Group: Executive Summary, 2013.
[20] Sivertsen G, Schneider J.Evaluering av den Bibliometriske Forskningsindikator[R]. NIFU, 2012.
[21] Aagaard K. Kampen om Basismidlerne Historisk Institutionel Analyse af Basisbevilling Modellens Udvikling p? Universitetsomr?det i Danmark. 2011 [EB/OL]. [2019-05-31]. .
[22] Schneider J W, Aagaard K.Stor Stahej for Ingenting-den Danske Bibliometriske Indicator[A]// Aaggard K, Mejlgaard N. Dansk Forskningspolitik Efter Artusindskiftet[M]. Aarhus Universitetsforlag, 2012: 229-260.
[23] P?l?nen J.Applications of, and Experiences with, the Norwegian Model in Finland[J]. Journal of Data and Information Science, 2018, 3(4): 31-44.
[24] Hammarfelt B, Nelhans G, Eklund P, et al.The Heterogeneous Landscape of Bibliometric Indicators: Evaluating Models for Allocating Resources at Swedish Universities[J]. Research Evaluation, 2016, 25(3): 292-305.
[25] Hammarfelt B, Haddow G.Conflicting Measures and Values: How Humanities Scholars in Australia and Sweden Use and React to Bibliometric Indicators[J]. Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, 2018, 69(7): 924-935.
[26] Ahlgren P, Colliander C, Persson O.Field Normalized Citation Rates, Field Normalized Journal Impact and Norwegian Weights for Allocation of University Research Funds[J]. Scientometrics, 2012, 92(3): 767-780.
[1] Jiang Wu,Guanjun Liu,Xian Hu. An Overview of Online Medical and Health Research: Hot Topics, Theme Evolution and Research Content[J]. 数据分析与知识发现, 2019, 3(4): 2-12.
[2] Zhang Xuanhui,Zhao Yuxiang. Evolution Path and Hot Topics of Citizen Science Studies[J]. 数据分析与知识发现, 2017, 1(7): 22-34.
[3] Li Fei,Zhang Jian,Wang Zongshui. Review of Social Recommendation with Bibliometrics and Social Network Analysis[J]. 数据分析与知识发现, 2017, 1(6): 22-35.
[4] Chen Ting, Han Tao, Li Zexia, Li Guopeng, Wang Xiaomei. Research on Comparison Method of Scientific Funding Layout——Take NSF and EU FP Grants for Instance[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2015, 31(7-8): 89-96.
[5] Zhang Yun, Hua Weina, Yuan Shunbo, Su Baoduo. Research on the Themes Dynamic Evolutions of the Patent Analysis Papers from WoS Database[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2015, 31(1): 17-23.
[6] Zhou Qun, Zuo Wenge, Chen Shiji. Review on Percentile-based Bibliometric Indicator[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2013, 29(7/8): 82-88.
[7] Wang Jimin, Lilei Mingzi, Wang Mingxing. Knowledge Mapping Analysis of Mobile Search[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2012, (9): 29-35.
[8] Zhang Yun. The Practice on the Development of Software on the Chinese Academic Bibliometrics Based on the Open Source Software[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2010, 26(4): 87-91.
[9] Chen Yunwei. Trend Mapping of Scientometrics Development: 1978-2008[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2010, 26(1): 71-76.
[10] Bai Yun,Su Xinning. Academic Influence Analysis on Characteristic of Published and Cited Papers in New Technology of Library and Information Service Based on CSSCI (2004-2006)[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2008, 24(4): 95-102.
[11] Hua Bolin . Anatomy of Statistic Analysis Technology in Bibliometric and Analytic System via VBA[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2007, 2(4): 70-74.
[12] Hua Bolin . Implementation of Preprocess Technology in Bibliometric and Analytic Research via VBA[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2007, 2(3): 69-72.
[13] Fang Xiaorong,Wan Xiumei. Research on Mechanism and Influence of the Mode Transform of the YearDistribution Cited Papers[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2004, 20(8): 31-33.
[14] Li Jiong,Luo Hong,Ren Xiaoer. Bibliometrical Analysis of the Medline Indexed and China-related Documents[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2003, 19(5): 71-73.
[15] Deng Xianglin. A Bibliometrics Analysis of New Technology of Library and Information Service 1996-2001[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2003, 19(1): 28-30.
  Copyright © 2016 Data Analysis and Knowledge Discovery   Tel/Fax:(010)82626611-6626,82624938