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Data Analysis and Knowledge Discovery  2019, Vol. 3 Issue (9): 60-67    DOI: 10.11925/infotech.2096-3467.2018.1423
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Classifying Short-texts with Class Feature Extension
Yunfei Shao(),Dongsu Liu
School of Economics of Management, Xidian University, Xi’an 710126, China
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Abstract  

[Objective] This paper proposes a short text classification method based on category feature extension, aiming to address the issue of sparse content in short texts. [Methods] We used the improved TF-IDF model and LDA topic model to construct the keyword set and topic distribution set, which were all based on category features. Then, we expanded the content and vector representations of short texts. Finally, we classified short texts with the help of convolutional neural network. [Results] The classification precision rate of the proposed method was improved by 3.0%, and the recall rate was improved by 4.1%. [Limitations] Only examined the new method with convolutional neural network. [Conclusions] The proposed method can improve the effectiveness of categorization procedures for short texts.

Key wordsWord Vector      LDA Model      CNN      Short-Text Classification     
Received: 18 December 2018      Published: 23 October 2019
ZTFLH:  G35  

Cite this article:

Yunfei Shao,Dongsu Liu. Classifying Short-texts with Class Feature Extension. Data Analysis and Knowledge Discovery, 2019, 3(9): 60-67.

URL:

https://manu44.magtech.com.cn/Jwk_infotech_wk3/EN/10.11925/infotech.2096-3467.2018.1423     OR     https://manu44.magtech.com.cn/Jwk_infotech_wk3/EN/Y2019/V3/I9/60

主题 主题词及概率值
Topic1 上市: 0.064 股票: 0.042 科技: 0.039 散户: 0.021
Topic2 段位: 0.045 战神: 0.042 动作: 0.022 阴阳师: 0.076
··· ··· ··· ··· ···
Topic80 小学生: 0.032 老师: 0.071 发展: 0.069 报考: 0.043
文本类别 训练集数据 测试集数据
体育 3 150 1 350
教育 2 660 1 140
经济 2 100 900
游戏 2 800 1 200
房产 2 590 1 110
参数名称 参数设置 参数名称 参数设置
池化方法 1-max pooling Droupout_prob 0.5
卷积核大小 2,3,4 训练次数 10
卷积核个数 100 优化器 AdamOptimizer
Batch_size 128 学习率 0.01
分类为A类 分类非A类
实际为A类 TP FN
实际非A类 FP TN
分类方法 准确率(均值) 召回率(均值) F1值
VSM+KNN 67.3% 65.0% 66.1%
LDA+KNN 60.1% 55.4% 57.7%
TextCNN+预训练词向量 88.3% 87.5% 87.9%
TextCNN+本文扩展向量 91.3% 91.6% 91.4%
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