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Data Analysis and Knowledge Discovery  2021, Vol. 5 Issue (6): 80-92    DOI: 10.11925/infotech.2096-3467.2020.1168
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Comparing Technology Diffusion Structure of China and the U.S. to Countries Along the Belt and Road
Gao Yilin,Min Chao()
School of Information Management, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
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Abstract  

[Objective] This study explores the characteristics and structure of international technology diffusion in different fields by China and the United States, from the perspectives of patents and the Belt and Road Initiatives. [Methods] First, we collected needed data from PCT international patent cooperation and transnational patent applications. Then, we used social network QAP analysis to measure the synergy of the two technology diffusion channels technically and regionally. [Results] China’s patent strategy in countries along the Belt and Road has achieved some positive results, while the technology diffusion formed a high degree of synergy. However, there are some gaps between China and the United States in technology diffusion. [Limitations] The study only compared the technological diffusion of China and the United States. The characteristics of other technology diffusion channels, such as intellectual property trade, were not analyzed. [Conclusions] This study could help China more effectively implement the Belt and Road Initiative.

Key wordsInternational Technology Diffusion      The Belt and Road Initiatives      Patent Application      Synergy      Social Network Analysis     
Received: 25 November 2020      Published: 06 July 2021
ZTFLH:  G306  
Fund:National Social Science Fund of Jiangsu Province(18TQC005)
Corresponding Authors: Min Chao     E-mail: mc@nju.edu.cn

Cite this article:

Gao Yilin,Min Chao. Comparing Technology Diffusion Structure of China and the U.S. to Countries Along the Belt and Road. Data Analysis and Knowledge Discovery, 2021, 5(6): 80-92.

URL:

https://manu44.magtech.com.cn/Jwk_infotech_wk3/EN/10.11925/infotech.2096-3467.2020.1168     OR     https://manu44.magtech.com.cn/Jwk_infotech_wk3/EN/Y2021/V5/I6/80

Distribution of Cooperative Patent Technology in China and the U.S.
“Region Sub-Technology Domain” Mapping of Cooperative Patents in China
“Region Sub-Technology Domain” Mapping of Cooperative Patents in the U.S.
Distribution of Patent Application in China and the U.S.
Technology Distribution of Patents in China
Technology Distribution of Patents in the U.S.
中国数字通信专利布局 美国数字通信专利布局
主要IPC 专利进入量 主要申请人 主要IPC 专利进入量 主要申请人
H04L数字信息传输 2 956 华为 H04L数字信息传输 7 660 高通
H04W无线通信网络 2 603 华为 H04W无线通信网络 5 144 高通
H04B传输 398 华为 H04B传输 1 412 高通
H04N图像通信,如电视 164 中兴 G06F电数字数据处理 911 微软
G06F电数字数据处理 134 腾讯 H04M电话通信 536 高通
H04J多路复用通信 100 华为 H04N图像通信,如电视 379 Thomson Licensing S.A.
Main Technical Topics of Digital Communication Patents in China and U.S. (Top 6)
Main Technical Topic-Region Distribution
中国数字通信专利布局 美国数字通信专利布局
机构 专利数量 机构 专利数量
华为 1 355 高通 4 217
中兴 795 微软 297
腾讯 219 摩托罗拉 257
小米 203 诺基亚 241
阿尔卡特朗讯 154 Interdigital Communication 234
Major Organizations of Digital Communication Patents in China and the U.S. (Top5)
Number of Countries and Concentration of Entry Countries by Patent Layout of Major Companies in the Belt and Road
进入地区 专利进入量
中国 美国
东南亚 36 214
南亚 72 1 249
中东欧 4 68
独联体及中亚蒙古 166 1 230
西亚中东 33 367
Patent Entry in Different Regions of Transportation Field
中国交通领域专利布局 美国交通领域专利布局
机构 专利数量 机构 专利数量
比亚迪公司 7 通用电气公司 96
齐齐哈尔铁路车辆有限公司 7 波音公司 58
中车青岛四方机车车辆股份有限公司 6 江森自控有限公司 48
徐州工程机械集团有限公司 5 贝尔直升机德事隆公司 48
奇瑞汽车股份有限公司 4 伊顿公司 45
Patent Distribution Institutions in Transportation Field (Top5)
Patent Cooperation and Patent Layout of China and the U.S. in Various Technical Fields
分析层面 中国专利合作与专利布局 美国专利合作与专利布局
协同度 显著性 协同度 显著性
技术层面 0.700 0.000 0.814 0.000
地区层面 0.244 0.244 0.594 0.083
Synergy Analysis of Patent Cooperation and Patent Layout
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