Please wait a minute...
Data Analysis and Knowledge Discovery  2022, Vol. 6 Issue (2/3): 263-273    DOI: 10.11925/infotech.2096-3467.2021.0921
Current Issue | Archive | Adv Search |
Knowledge Description Framework for Foreign Patent Documents Based on Knowledge Meta
Fu Zhu1(),Ding Weike1,Guan Peng2,Ding Xuhui3
1School of Economics and Management, Jiangsu University of Science and Technology, Zhenjiang 212003, China
2School of Economics and Law, Chaohu University, Hefei 238000, China
3School of Finance and Economics, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China
Download: PDF (777 KB)   HTML ( 6
Export: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      

[Objective] This paper proposes a new knowledge description framework (KDF) for foreign patent documents based on knowledge meta, aiming to generate better full-text features of these documents from the fine-grained perspective. [Methods] First, we analyzed the U.S. and European patents to compare their differences to Chinese documents. Then, we used knowledge meta to describe the full-text features of foreign patents with external and content features to construct the KDF. Finally, we analyzed the semantic relationships of the contents from this new framework. [Results] The KDF generated eight core knowledge elements and their description rules, which had four types of semantic relationships between patent documents and knowledge elements, as well as five types of relationships between different knowledge elements. [Limitations] The adaptability of the KDF needs to be strengthened. [Conclusions] The proposed KDF could describe the full-text knowledge features of foreign patent documents effectively and reveal the semantic relationship between the knowledge features, which provides new directions for knowledge organization, mining and services of patent documents.

Key wordsKnowledge Elements      Knowledge Organization      Knowledge Description Framework      U.S. Patent      European Patent     
Received: 28 August 2021      Published: 14 April 2022
ZTFLH:  G302  
Fund:Social Science Fund of Jiangsu Province(18TQC002);National Natural Science Foundation of China(71904043);Social Science Fund of Anhui Province(AHSKQ2020D23)
Corresponding Authors: Fu Zhu,ORCID:0000-0003-2250-7542     E-mail:

Cite this article:

Fu Zhu, Ding Weike, Guan Peng, Ding Xuhui. Knowledge Description Framework for Foreign Patent Documents Based on Knowledge Meta. Data Analysis and Knowledge Discovery, 2022, 6(2/3): 263-273.

URL:     OR

美国专利文献 欧洲专利文献
扉页(Bibliography) 扉页(Bibliography)
说明书附图(Drawings) 说明书
交叉引用/发明领域 发明背景
发明背景/引用列表 发明概要
发明概要 附图说明
附图说明 详细说明
详细说明 权利要求书(Claims)/权利要求书译文
权利要求(Claims) 说明书附图(Drawings)
Content of European and American Patent Documents
Content and Source of Knowledge Description Framework of Foreign Patent Documents
类别 内容组成 描述规则 举例说明
前序部分 A …for…/…of… ①A hull load observation device …
②A method of observing a load on a hull…
特征部分 产品发明:
…comprising…/…characterised in that…/…characterised by…
①… comprising: an acceleration measuring part…
②… characterised in that an electrochemical actuator (8) of known construction …
…comprising…/…comprising the steps of: …/… a processing comprising…
①A method of observing a load on a hull, comprising the steps of…
②A hull load observation program causing a processor to execute a processing comprising: …
引用部分 单一从属权利要求:
… of …/…according to …
①The hull load observation device of claim 1…
②The method according to claim 1…
…of(as) per claim…or(to)…/…according to any one of …
①Composite profiles as per claim 1 or 2…
②A bracing element according to any one of the preceding claims …
限定部分 …in which… / … further comprising … / …wherein … ①…, in which the first part of …
②…further comprising means for inputting…
③…wherein the load calculating module …
Description Rules and Examples of Claim Knowledge Element
类别 内容组成 描述规则 举例说明
技术领域 …is …/…relates to … / …concerns… ①Floatation therapy is a medical treatment…
②This invention concerns composite profiles of…
③… relates to the field of ships, in particular to a ship.
④The present description relates to the field of display technologies,
and particularly, to an array substrate…
主题标的 … is a … /…in particular to … / … (more) particularly to…
Description Rules and Examples of Field Knowledge Element
类别 内容组成 描述规则 举例说明
现有技术 … (in) for (an/one) (typical) example related-art …/ … are (well) known …/… similar known techniques including … / … according to known techniques… ①…bracing elements formed of metal are known…
②In a typical example of composite profiles…
③One example of related-art protectors for receiving and holding a wire, such as a wire harness…
④There are similar known techniques including…
应用现状 —— ——
技术问题 However … / …there is (encountered) a problem… / … is not good (pleasing) in…. /…disadvantages …/…it is possible that… damaged…/ it causes …. / …create certain issues including… ①Further, there is a problem, in how to perform…
②…therefore there is encountered a problem that the attaching and detaching workability is not good.
③Prior art plates exhibit the following disadvantages: …
④These fluids can create certain issues including damaging the production tubing …
Description Rules and Examples of Background Knowledge Element
类别 内容组成 描述规则 举例说明
发明目的 The present invention aims to… / The object(purpose) of …/ It is an object of …(is) to … ①The present invention aims to provide a ship that is convenient to …
②The object of the present invention is therefore to offer a solution which, …
技术方案 For example … / It is (further) preferable that (Preferably/ Advantageously) …/ It is further preferable that…/ In some (one/ /first…) embodiments (aspect) … /… according to a (the) first (another/…) embodiment (aspect) … / Embodiments of… ①Preferably, the retainer is provided outside…/ It is a further preferable that the protector body comprise …
②… according to a first embodiment of the present invention provides a ship alongside …according to a second embodiment of …
③The first matching section…the second matching structure further includes…
④Embodiments of the present disclosure also provide
forming a directional drilling …
发明效果 …can… /…the (a number of) advantage of … /…with relatively …/…as compared with…/ …in this case… ①… can always display a position of a target ship …
②Therefore, the mounting space can be made smaller as compared with the related-art protector …
③In this case, the efficiency of the operation for mounting the protector body … is enhanced.
Description Rules and Examples of Summary Knowledge Element
类别 内容组成 描述规则 举例说明
发明附图知识元 附图说明 Fig. N is a … (view/diagram) …
/ Fig. N… illustrates …
①FIG. 1 is a block diagram illustrating a ship monitoring device in one embodiment of the present invention.
②FIG. 3 illustrates a main screen in one embodiment of the present invention.
说明书附图 ——
Description Rules and Examples of Drawing Knowledge Element
Semantic Relations in Knowledge Description Framework of Foreign Patent Documents
序号 关系类型 来源对象 目标对象
1 著录 专利文献 著录项目知识元
2 限定 专利文献 权利要求知识元
3 解释 专利文献 技术说明知识元
4 附图 专利文献 发明附图知识元
5 概括 著录项目知识元 技术说明知识元
著录项目知识元 发明附图知识元
6 支持 发明附图知识元 权利要求知识元
发明附图知识元 技术说明知识元
技术说明知识元 权利要求知识元
7 论证 发明领域知识元 发明概要知识元
发明背景知识元 发明概要知识元
8 实施 发明概要知识元 实施方式知识元
9 包含 技术说明知识元 发明领域知识元
技术说明知识元 发明背景知识元
技术说明知识元 发明概要知识元
技术说明知识元 实施方式知识元
Main Semantic Relations in Knowledge Description Framework of Foreign Patent Documents
[1] 郭婕婷, 肖国华. 专利分析方法研究[J]. 情报杂志, 2008, 27(1):12-14.
[1] ( Guo Jieting, Xiao Guohua. The Study of Patent Information Analysis[J]. Journal of Information, 2008, 27(1):12-14.)
[2] 刘晓英, 文庭孝, 杨忠. 专利信息可视化分析系统的现状与技术基础[J]. 情报理论与实践, 2015, 38(3):1-5.
[2] ( Liu Xiaoying, Wen Tingxiao, Yang Zhong. Research Status and Technical Base of Patent Information Visualized Analysis System[J]. Information Studies: Theory & Application, 2015, 38(3):1-5.)
[3] 乔永忠, 肖冰. 基于权利要求数的专利维持时间影响因素研究[J]. 科学学研究, 2016, 34(5):678-683.
[3] ( Qiao Yongzhong, Xiao Bing. Research on the Affecting Factors of the Patent Maintenance Time Based on Number of Patent Claim[J]. Studies in Science of Science, 2016, 34(5):678-683.)
[4] 傅柱, 王曰芬, 徐绪堪, 等. 基于知识元的中文专利文献知识描述框架[J]. 情报理论与实践, 2019, 42(4):145-150.
[4] ( Fu Zhu, Wang Yuefen, Xu Xukan, et al. A Knowledge Description Framework of Chinese Patent Documents Based on Knowledge Elements[J]. Information Studies: Theory & Application, 2019, 42(4):145-150.)
[5] 秦春秀, 刘杰, 刘怀亮, 等. 基于知识元的科技文本内容描述框架研究[J]. 图书情报工作, 2017, 61(10):116-124.
[5] ( Qin Chunxiu, Liu Jie, Liu Huailiang, et al. The Description Framework of Scientific Text Content Based on Knowledge Element[J]. Library and Information Service, 2017, 61(10):116-124.)
[6] 冯儒佳, 王忠义, 王艳凤, 等. 科技论文的多粒度知识组织框架研究[J]. 情报科学, 2016, 34(12):46-50.
[6] ( Feng Rujia, Wang Zhongyi, Wang Yanfeng, et al. Research on Multi-Granularity Knowledge Organization Framework of Scientific and Technological Papers[J]. Information Science, 2016, 34(12):46-50.)
[7] 温有奎, 温浩, 徐端颐, 等. 基于知识元的文本知识标引[J]. 情报学报, 2006, 25(3):282-288.
[7] ( Wen Youkui, Wen Hao, Xu Duanyi, et al. Text Knowledge Indexing Based on Knowledge Element[J]. Journal of the China Society for Scientific and Technical Information, 2006, 25(3):282-288.)
[8] 化柏林. 学术论文中方法知识元的类型与描述规则研究[J]. 中国图书馆学报, 2016, 42(1):30-40.
[8] ( Hua Bolin. Types and Description Rules of Knowledge Elements About Method in Academic Papers[J]. Journal of Library Science in China, 2016, 42(1):30-40.)
[9] 秦春秀, 杨智娟, 赵捧未, 等. 面向科技文献知识表示的知识元本体模型[J]. 图书情报工作, 2018, 62(3):94-103.
[9] ( Qin Chunxiu, Yang Zhijuan, Zhao Pengwei, et al. The Knowledge Element Ontology Model of Scientific Literature for Knowledge Representation[J]. Library and Information Service, 2018, 62(3):94-103.)
[10] 索传军, 赖海媚. 学术论文问题知识元的类型与描述规则[J]. 中国图书馆学报, 2021, 47(2):95-109.
[10] ( Suo Chuanjun, Lai Haimei. Types and Description Rules of Problem Knowledge Units in Academic Papers[J]. Journal of Library Science in China, 2021, 47(2):95-109.)
[11] Bergocist J T. A Type-oriented Approach to Knowledge-based System[D]. Helsinki: Helsinki University of Technology, 1987.
[12] Ding Y, Liu X Z, Guo C, et al. The Distribution of References Across Texts: Some Implications for Citation Analysis[J]. Journal of Informetrics, 2013, 7(3):583-592.
doi: 10.1016/j.joi.2013.03.003
[13] Xu H, Giunchiglia F. SKO Types: An Entity-based Scientific Knowledge Objects Metadata Schema[J]. Journal of Knowledge Management, 2015, 19(1) : 60-70.
doi: 10.1108/JKM-11-2014-0452
[14] Niknam M, Karshenas S. A Shared Ontology Approach to Semantic Representation of BIM Data[J]. Automation in Construction, 2017, 80:22-36.
doi: 10.1016/j.autcon.2017.03.013
[15] Patent Laws. United States Code Title 35 - Patents[EB/OL]. [2021-08-10]. partII_chapter11_section112.
[16] International Patent Classification (IPC)[EB/OL]. [2021-08-10].
[17] Consolidated Patent Rules. U.S. Code of Federal Regulations Title 37 - Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights[EB/OL]. [2021-08-10].
[18] INID Codes - ST.9.[EB/OL]. [2021-08-10].
[19] European Patent Convention. 16th Edition, 2020[EB/OL]. [2021-08-10].
[20] Implementing Regulations to the European Patent Convention.2020 [EB/OL]. [2021-08-10].
[1] Cai Miaozhi, Li Xiaoying, Zhao Jiawei, Feng Fengxiang, Ren Huiling. Disease Knowledge Discovery Based on SPO Predications[J]. 数据分析与知识发现, 2022, 6(1): 134-144.
[2] Haixia Sun,Panpan Deng,Jiao Li,Liu Shen,Qing Qian. Automatic Concept Update Strategy Towards Heterogeneous Terminology Integration[J]. 数据分析与知识发现, 2020, 4(1): 121-130.
[3] Xie Jing,Wang Jingdong,Wu Zhenxin,Zhang Zhixiong,Wang Ying,Ye Zhifei. Building Semantic Enrichment Framework for Scientific Literature Retrieval System[J]. 数据分析与知识发现, 2017, 1(4): 84-93.
[4] Chen Guo,Xiao Lu. Linking Knowledge Elements from Online Community[J]. 数据分析与知识发现, 2017, 1(11): 75-83.
[5] Ding Heng,Lu Wei. Building Standard Literature Knowledge Service System[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2016, 32(7-8): 120-128.
[6] Wang Ying, Zhang Zhixiong, Li Chuanxi, Liu Yi, Tang Yijie, Zhou Zijian, Qian Li, Fu Honghu. The Design and Implementation of Open Engine System for Scientific & Technological Knowledge Organization Systems[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2015, 31(10): 95-101.
[7] Liu Yi, Tang Yijie, Zhou Zijian, Yang Ru, Li Chuanxi, Zhang Xianfeng, Liu Chunjiang. Research and Construct of the Service Interface in STKOS Sharing Infrastructure[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2014, 30(7): 9-16.
[8] Wang Chuanqing, Bi Qiang. System Model of Digital Library Automatic Semantic Annotation Tool[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2014, 30(6): 17-24.
[9] Li Xiaoying, Li Danya, Qian Qing, Sun Haixia, Li Junlian, Hu Tiejun. Research on Automatic Algorithm of Finding English Synonymous Relations for Knowledge Organization System Integration[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2014, 30(5): 26-32.
[10] Li Peng, Zhu Lijun, Liu Yajie, Yan Yingying. Realization of Improved RBAC Model in Task Management in Normative Concepts Collaborative Construction Platform[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2014, 30(2): 86-91.
[11] Xie Jing, Qian Aibing, Han Pu, Su Xinning. Knowledge Organization Tool Catering to Service: Today and Future[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2013, 29(9): 8-14.
[12] Zhang Yunliang, Zhang Zhaofeng, Zhang Xiaodan, Xu Deshan. Web Dynamic Interactive Visualization of Knowledge Organization Systems with D3.js[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2013, 29(7/8): 127-131.
[13] Song Peiyan, Li Jingjing, Zhao Xing. Recommended Method for Cross-language Term Synonymous Relationship and Its Empirical Research[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2013, (5): 40-45.
[14] Li Yazi, Sun Haixia, Jiang Jun, Qian Qing. Design and Implementation of Role Management in Collaborative System[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2013, 29(2): 77-81.
[15] Zhang Pengyi, Qu Yan, Huang Chen. Design and Application of the S&T Innovation Group and Environment Ontology[J]. 现代图书情报技术, 2013, (12): 42-47.
  Copyright © 2016 Data Analysis and Knowledge Discovery   Tel/Fax:(010)82626611-6626,82624938