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Data Analysis and Knowledge Discovery  2022, Vol. 6 Issue (8): 1-11    DOI: 10.11925/infotech.2096-3467.2021.1358
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Review of Structural Diversity Studies on Social Networks
Lu Yingjie1,2,Zhang Yinglong2()
1School of Computer Science and Engineering, Minnan Normal University, Zhangzhou 363099, China
2School of Physics and Information Engineering, Minnan Normal University, Zhangzhou 363099, China
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[Objective] This paper reviews the latest developments of the structural diversity studies on social networks and discusses their future directions. [Coverage] We searched the Web of Science, Microsoft Academic, DBLP, CNKI, Wanfang Data and VIP with “Structural Diversity”, “Structural Diversity and Social Networks ”. A total of 55 representative and related literature published from April 2012 to April 2022 were retrieved. [Methods] First, we traced to the source of structural diversity studies and analyzed their existing issues. Then, we examined the structural diversity research from three perspectives: model improvements, efficient algorithms, and practical applications. Finally, we discussed future works. [Results] Structural diversity is a model based on network topology features, which studies factors affecting individuals’ major decision makings. The original model has the bad universality and low precision issues. Combined with graph mining technology, the new model performs well and has been applied in many fields. [Limitations] We only summarized research on structural diversity and did not compare them with other social contagion theories. [Conclusions] Graph mining algorithm could improve the structural diversity model in group division. Structural diversity is an indicator for finding highly influential nodes and required by efficient search algorithms. Structural diversity has been applied in the fields of behavior and link predictions. Features optimizing this model merit more research to evaluated their performance.

Key wordsStructural Diversity      Social Computing      Social Networks Analysis     
Received: 30 November 2021      Published: 23 September 2022
ZTFLH:  TP305  
Fund:National Natural Science Foundation of China(61762036)
Corresponding Authors: Zhang Yinglong,ORCID:0000-0002-3293-3257     E-mail:

Cite this article:

Lu Yingjie, Zhang Yinglong. Review of Structural Diversity Studies on Social Networks. Data Analysis and Knowledge Discovery, 2022, 6(8): 1-11.

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Illustration of the Structural Diversity
Illustration of Structural Diversity Combined with Undirected Graph Mining
方法 图例 说明 diva
2-size分解法[4] 图2(a) 节点gh均是规模为1的连通分量,将节点gh删除 2
2-core分解法[4] 图2(b) 节点gh是度数为1的节点,删除节点gh及相关边后,发现节点ef的度数也为1,继续迭代,图中无度数小于2的节点,停止迭代 1
1-brace分解法[4] 图2(c) 节点bf没有公共节点,则边ebf的嵌入度为0,将边ebf删除 2
4-truss分解法[22] 图2(d) ebfedf的支持度均为1 < 4-2=2,则将边ebfedf 删除 2
Conclusion of Structural Diversity Combined with Undirected Graph Mining
Illustration of Structural Diversity Combined with Directed Graph Mining
方法 图例 说明 diva
弱连通性法[21] 图3(a) H1H2各为图中的一个连通分量 2
强连通性法[21] 图3(b) 节点ge彼此不能相互到达,则节点g独立于H2,节点h同理 4
4-clip分解法[21] 图3(c) 节点j的出度为4,删除相关节点和边后,继续迭代,图中无出度大于或等于4的节点,停止迭代 2
Conclusion of Structural Diversity Combined with Directed Graph Mining
算法 优化策略 时间复杂度 空间复杂度
度上限剪枝 O v V d v 2 O ( m )
O v V d v 2 O ( m )
O ( α m ) O ( m )
遍历规则 O ( ( α + l o g d v ) m ) O ( m )
Div-TriE[26] 度全序 O ( α m h ) O ( m )
Div-TriE*[26] 哈希优化 O ( α m ) O ( m n )
Algorithms on k-size Decomposition Based Top-k Structural Diversity Search
Development of Structural Diversity
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