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Data Analysis and Knowledge Discovery  2022, Vol. 6 Issue (2/3): 338-347    DOI: 10.11925/infotech.2096-3467.2021.0909
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Classification Model for Chinese Traditional Embroidery Based on Xception-TD
Zhou Zeyu1,2,Wang Hao1,2(),Zhang Xiaoqin3,Tao Fao1,2,Ren Qiutong1,2
1School of Information Management, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
2Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Data Engineering and Knowledge Service, Nanjing 210023, China
3Jinling Library, Nanjing 210023, China
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[Objective] This paper introduces artificial intelligence methods to the field of digital humanities, aiming to address the issues of small data sets, insufficient image feature representation, and low recognition accuracy facing traditional Chinese embroidery image classification. It also tries to prvovide methodology support to the digitalization of intangible cultural heritage protection. [Methods] We utilized deep learning techniques to analyze the embroidery images, and extracted their features. Then, we fine-tuned the Xception model with the migration learning approach, and constructed a Xception-TD method to classify traditional Chinese embroidery. Finally, we explored the impacts of the number and dimensions of fully connected layers, as well as the value of dropouts on the model’s performance. [Results] We found that increasing the number and dimensions of fully connected layers improved the embroidery image feature representation. The accuracy rate of our new model reached 0.96863, which was better than the benchmark model. In multi-classification tasks, the model’s accuracy was also better than that of the benchmark ones. [Limitations] The experimental data set was only constructed with Baidu images, which had small amount of manual taggings. [Conclusions] The proposed model based on transfer learning could improve the accuracy of embroidery classification.

Key wordsDigital Humanities      Computer Vision      Transfer Learning      Xception     
Received: 25 August 2021      Published: 18 February 2022
ZTFLH:  G202  
Fund:National Natural Science Foundation of China(72074108);Nanjing University Liberal Arts Youth Interdisciplinary Team Project(010814370113)
Corresponding Authors: Wang Hao,ORCID:0000-0002-0131-0823     E-mail:

Cite this article:

Zhou Zeyu, Wang Hao, Zhang Xiaoqin, Tao Fao, Ren Qiutong. Classification Model for Chinese Traditional Embroidery Based on Xception-TD. Data Analysis and Knowledge Discovery, 2022, 6(2/3): 338-347.

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Xception-TD based Classification Method for Chinese Traditional
名称 总计数据 训练集数量 测试集数量
其他非四大名绣 2 000 1 600 400
粤绣 500 400 100
湘绣 500 400 100
蜀绣 500 400 100
苏绣 500 400 100
合计 4 000 3 200 800
Distribution of the Crawled Chinese Embroidery Image
Some Pictures of Su Embroidery in the Dataset
Concept Map of Transfer Learning
序号 模型 模型介绍 准确率
1 未微调的Xception 使用ImageNet预训练好的Xception直接作为特征提取的模型参数,通过Softmax层对目标数据集中华传统刺绣进行分类。 0.951 07
2 未微调的VGG-19 VGG网络体系结构最初是由Simonyan和Zisserman提出的,其中VGG19主要架构是5个卷积层块与三个全连接层[41] 0.942 28
3 未微调的Xception-SVM 使用ImageNet预训练好的Xception直接作为特征提取的模型参数,通过支持向量机SVM对目标数据集中华传统刺绣进行分类。 0.940 32
Text Classification Results of Different Models
Impact of the Number and Dimensionality of Fully Connected Layers on Classification Effectiveness of the Model
Influence of Dropout on Classification Effectiveness of the Model Under Two Fully Connected Layers
Classification Capability of Model in Specific Embroidery Category
The Same Painting Style of Shu Embroidery and Hunan Embroidery
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